ARA Presidente Sarmiento
|Name:||ARA Presidente Sarmiento|
|Namesake:||Domingo Faustino Sarmiento|
|Builder:||Laird Brothers, Birkenhead, England|
|Status:||Museum Ship in Buenos Aires, Argentina|
|Class and type:||Sail training ship|
|Propulsion:||Steam, 3-cylinder compound, 1000hp, ship rig|
- This article is concerned with a ship at some time operated by the Armada de la República Argentina (ARA)'
The ship was originally built for the Argentine naval academy. The ARA Presidente Sarmiento made thirty seven annual training cruises including six circumnavigations of the globe. The ship was retired as a seagoing vessel in 1938, but continued to serve as a stationary training ship until 1961. She is now maintained in her original 1898 appearance as a museum ship near the center of Buenos Aires. This ship was named for Domingo Faustino Sarmiento, the seventh President of Argentina.
Propulsion and auxiliaries
In addition to its sailing rig this ship includes a large triple expansion steam engine supplied by two coal-fired boilers exhausting through the rear stack. An additional auxiliary boiler exhausting through the forward stack provides steam for other than propulsion, including two engines driving electrical generators on the main deck (below the weather deck).
A single coal bunker is positioned between the main and auxiliary boiler rooms
A three-wheel chain drive allows up to six helmsmen to control the rudder. Such a crew of operators was not always required due to the inclusion of an electric servo-drive for normal operation but was useful for the training of cadets.
Four five inch mounts are positioned amidships, two on each side, with additional smaller weapons. Documentation on the ship shows these has having had some armor, but the present installations are bare.
A single torpedo scuttle using gravity expulsion exited at the bow. The scuttle has been removed and the exit port welded shut, but in the current museum configuration a torpedo is suspended in a position on the main deck ready to enter the former scuttle entrance. Additional torpedo storage is provided below this deck.
- Sarmiento (1873).jpg
1873 image of the ship's namesake
- Presidente Sarmiento 1909.jpg
1909 image of the ship
- Bundesarchiv Bild 102-00126, Hamburg, Argentinisches Schulschiff.jpg
Capitan A. Brana and staff, Hamburg, 1923
- Bundesarchiv Bild 102-12316, Bremerhafen, Argentinisches Schulschiff, Kadetten.jpg
Cadets honor guests, Bremerhaven, 1931
ARA Uruguay, a somewhat smaller tall ship moored nearby in basin number three.
- Google Maps location of the Presidente Sarmiento
- "Buque Museo Fragata Presidente Sarmiento". Armada Argentina. http://www.ara.mil.ar/pag.asp?idItem=112. Retrieved December 26, 2009.
- Google translation of above