The Columbia heeling as it approaches a squall. Drawing by George Davidson in 1793, who served as the ship's artist
|Career (United States of America)|
|Decommissioned:||October 15, 1806|
|Notes:||First US ship to circumnavigate the globe|
|Class and type:||full rigged ship|
|Length:||83 ft 6 in (25.45 m)|
|Beam:||24 ft 2 in (7.37 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft (3.4 m)|
|Propulsion:||sail - three-masted ship (foremast, mainmast, mizzenmast)|
|Complement:||16-18 minimum and 30-31 maximum|
Columbia Rediviva (commonly known as the Columbia) was a privately owned ship under Captain Robert Gray, best known for going to the Pacific Northwest for the maritime fur trade. The "Rediviva" (Latin "revived") was added to her name upon a rebuilding in 1787. Since Columbia was privately owned, she did not carry the prefix designation "USS".
The ship was built in 1773 by James Briggs at Hobart’s Landing on North River, in Norwell, Massachusetts and named Columbia. In 1790 she became the first American ship to circumnavigate the globe. During the first part of this voyage she was accompanied by the Lady Washington which served as tender for the Columbia. In 1792 Captain Gray entered the Columbia River and named it after the ship.
- In 1956, a full-scale replica of the ship, Sailing Ship Columbia, opened as an attraction at Disneyland. The ship takes riders around the Rivers of America. This replica also plays a prominent role in the night time show Fantasmic, although it is supposed to be Captain Hook's ship.
- The name was re-used for the Space Shuttle Columbia by NASA.
- Joseph Ingraham, under the command of Gray. In 1790 he was captain of Hope that competed with the Columbia in the fur trade.
- Robert Haswell, under the command of Gray in 1791–93 during the second voyage to the Pacific Northwest.
- Jacobs, Melvin C. (1938). Winning Oregon: A Study of An Expansionist Movement. The Caxton Printers, Ltd.. 77.
- Grays Harbor Historical Seaport
- NASA: Space Shuttle Overview: Columbia
- Hittell, Theodore Henry (1885). History of California. Occidental publishing co: v. 3-4:.
- Howay, Frederic W. (1941). Voyages of the 'Columbia' to the Northwest Coast 1787-1790 and 1790-1793. Boston: Massachusetts Historical Society.