French ship Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1795)
|File:Battle of 13 March 1806.jpg|
Capture of Marengo (ex-Jean-Jacques Rousseau, left) by HMS London (right)
Jean-Jacques Rousseau (until 1802)Marengo (until 1806)
|Laid down:||September 1794|
|Launched:||21 July 1795|
|In service:||October 1796|
|Out of service:||13 March 1806|
|Acquired:||13 March 1806|
|Fate:||broken up in 1816|
|Class and type:||Téméraire class ship of the line|
2 966 tonnes
|Length:||55.87 metres (172 French feet)|
|Beam:||14.90 metres (44' 6)|
|Draught:||7.26 metres (22 French feet)|
|Propulsion:||Up to 2 485 m² of sails|
In October 1796, under captain Racord, she was part of the Villeneuve's squadron that sailed from Toulon to Brest. On 2 December 1802, she was renamed to Marengo.
At the Action of 13 March 1806, Linois met with the division of Vice-Admiral Sir John Warren, with seven ships of the line (including the 108-gun London, the 82-gun Ramilles and Repulse, and the 80-gun Foudroyant), 2 frigates (including the 48-gun Amazone) and one corvette. After a fierce duel with London, Marengo struck her colours; Belle Poule battled against Amazone and later against Ramilles, and had to surrender as well.
Marengo was taken into British service as HMS Marengo. She was used as a prison hulk from 1809 until she was broken up in 1816.
- Ships of the line
- Roche, Jean-Michel (2005). Dictionnaire des bâtiments de la flotte de guerre française de Colbert à nos jours 1 1671 - 1870. ISBN 978-2-9525917-0-6. OCLC 165892922. [page needed][self-published source?]
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