French ship Jean Bart (1791)
Scale model of the Achille, sister-ship of the Jean Bart, on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris
|Laid down:||1 June 1788|
|Launched:||7 November 1790|
|Fate:||Wrecked near Île Madame on 26 February 1809|
|Class and type:||Téméraire class ship of the line|
|Displacement:||1 600 tonnes|
|Length:||55.87 metres (172 French feet)|
|Beam:||14.90 metres (44' 6)|
|Draught:||7.26 metres (22 French feet)|
|Propulsion:||Up to 2 485 m² of sails|
She took part in the Atlantic campaign of May 1794, and in the capture of HMS Alexander on 6 November. She took part in the Battle of Genoa, in the Croisière du Grand Hiver in Van Stabel's division, in the First Battle of Groix, and in the Battle of Groix.
In 1800, she sailed to the Mediterranean and made her homeport at Toulon.
In February 1809 she formed part of a French fleet which departed from Brest intending to aid the French colony of Martinique which was under threat from invasion. The fleet sailed for Basque Roads to rendezvous with the Rochefort squadron but upon entering the roadstead they were immediately blockaded by the British. On 26 February 1809 the Jean Bart grounded on a shoal near Île Madame while attempting to enter the anchorage south of Ile d'Aix and was subsequently declared a wreck.
A full scale model is under construction in Gravelines, France
- Ships of the line
- Les bâtiments ayant porté le nom de Jean Bart
- La guerre sur mer pendant la révolution et l'empire.
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