French ship Jean Bart (1791)

From SpottingWorld, the Hub for the SpottingWorld network...
the Achille
Scale model of the Achille, sister-ship of the Jean Bart, on display at the Musée de la Marine in Paris
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Name: Jean Bart
Namesake: Jean Bart
Builder: Lorient
Laid down: 1 June 1788
Launched: 7 November 1790
Commissioned: March 1791
Fate: Wrecked near Île Madame on 26 February 1809
General characteristics
Class and type: Téméraire class ship of the line
Displacement: 1 600 tonnes
Length: 55.87 metres (172 French feet)
Beam: 14.90 metres (44' 6)
Draught: 7.26 metres (22 French feet)
Propulsion: Up to 2 485 m² of sails
Complement: 678 men

74 guns:

  • Lower gundeck: 28 x 36-pdr long guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 x 24-pdr long guns
  • Forecastle and Quarter deck:
16 x 8-pdr long guns
4 x 36-pdr carronades
Armour: Timber

The Jean Bart was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

In 1793, she was part of the squadron led by Van Stabel‎. Along with the Tigre, she rescued the Sémillante which was in danger of being captured by the British.

She took part in the Atlantic campaign of May 1794, and in the capture of HMS Alexander on 6 November. She took part in the Battle of Genoa, in the Croisière du Grand Hiver in Van Stabel's division, in the First Battle of Groix, and in the Battle of Groix.

In 1800, she sailed to the Mediterranean and made her homeport at Toulon.

In February 1809 she formed part of a French fleet which departed from Brest intending to aid the French colony of Martinique which was under threat from invasion. The fleet sailed for Basque Roads to rendezvous with the Rochefort squadron but upon entering the roadstead they were immediately blockaded by the British. On 26 February 1809 the Jean Bart grounded on a shoal near Île Madame while attempting to enter the anchorage south of Ile d'Aix and was subsequently declared a wreck.[1]


A full scale model is under construction in Gravelines, France



External links

fr:Jean Bart (vaisseau 1787)