French ship Montebello (1812)

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File:Montebello in 1850.jpg
Montebello circa 1850
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign
Namesake: Battle of Montebello
Laid down: 1810
Launched: 1812
Fate: Scrapped in 1889
General characteristics
Class and type: Océan class ship of the line
Displacement: 2 700 tonnes
Length: 65,18 metres (196,6 French feet)
Beam: 16,24 metres (50 French feet)
Draught: 8,12 metres (25 French feet)
Propulsion: sail, 3 265 m²
140 shp steam engine (from 1851)
Complement: 1 079 men

Lower deck: 32 36-pound guns
middle deck: 34 24-pound guns
upper deck: 34 12-pound guns

forecastle: 18 8-pound guns, 6 36-pound carronades

Montebello was an Océan type 118-gun ship of the line of the French Navy. She was launched in 1812 and refitted in 1821.

In 1851, she was refitted to receive a 140 shp (100 kW) steam engine. During trials, performance under sail was poor, probably because of the propeller which increased the drag.

She took part in the Crimean war as admiral Armand Joseph Bruat's flagship, in June 1854. An epidemic of cholera affected 300 sailors aboard, of whom 120 died, including Bruat.

On 5 March 1855 she took part in the siege of Siege of Sevastopol, then in the expedition to Kerch and in the Battle of Kinburn.

In 1860 Montebello replaced Suffren at Toulon as a school-ship for gunnery, and in 1867, she was used as a floating barracks. She was scrapped in 1889.