HMS Hecla (1815)
HMS Hecla was a Royal Navy Hecla-class bomb vessel of 372 tons. Launched on 15 July 1815, she saw wartime service in an attack on Barbary pirates at Algiers in August, 1816. In 1819, she was converted to an Arctic exploration ship.
The Hecla made three journeys to the Arctic in search of the Northwest Passage and made one attempt on the North Pole, all under William Edward Parry or George Francis Lyon, and spent many winters iced in without serious damage.
On the first journey, Hecla was commanded by Parry. She and her companion ship, the gun brig HMS Griper, reached a longitude 112°51' W in the 1819 before backtracking to winter off Melville Island. No ship was able to travel so far west again in a single season until the 940-foot icebreaker tanker Manhattan did it in 1969. The second year, the two ships reached longitude 113°46' W before returning to England.
On her second expedition, in 1821-1823, Hecla was commanded by Lyon while Parry led the overall expedition from her sister ship HMS Fury. The furthest point on this trip, the perpetually frozen strait between Foxe Basin and the Gulf of Boothia, was named after the two ships: Fury and Hecla Strait.
Hecla's third expedition to the Canadian Arctic in 1824-1825, again in the company of Fury, was frustrated by ice conditions. Fury was badly damaged and had to be abandoned.
In 1827, Parry used Hecla for an unsuccessful attempt to reach the North Pole from Spitsbergen by boat. Following this voyage, Hecla was withdrawn from Arctic service and dispatched as a survey vessel to the coast of West Africa. She remained in service there until 1831, when she was sold.
- An Officer Of The Expedition (1821). Letters Written During The Late Voyage Of Discovery In The Western Arctic Sea. London: Sir Richard Phillips And Co.. http://books.google.com/books?id=hfXEySkwRQcC. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- Ships of the World: HMS Hecla
- Naval History of Great Britain
- Volume I of Parry's "Voyages"
- Volume II of Parry's "Voyages"