HMS Justice (W140)
|Name:||HMS Justice (W-140)|
Camden Shipbuilding & Marine Railway Co.|
Camden, Maine, United States
|Laid down:||20 January 1943 (as ATR-20)|
|Launched:||18 October 1943|
|Sponsored by:||Miss Joy D. Creyk|
|Completed:||24 April 1944|
|Acquired:||24 April 1944|
|Commissioned:||24 April 1944 at Boston, Massachusetts|
|Fate:||Returned to U.S. Navy, 20 March 1946|
|Acquired:||20 March 1946|
|Struck:||3 July 1946|
Sold, 3 October 1947|
Grounded and abandoned, Ushuaia, Argentina
|Class and type:||ATR-1-class rescue tug|
|Length:||165 ft 5 in (50.4 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft 6 in (10.2 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 10 in (4.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||triple-expansion reciprocating steam engines, single screw, 1,600 hp|
|Speed:||12 knots (22 km/h)|
|Complement:||32 officers and men|
1 x 3"/50 caliber gun|
3 x 20 mm guns
HMS Justice (W-140), a Royal Navy ship classified as a rescue tug, was built in the United States as U.S. Navy ATR-1-class rescue tug USS ATR-20. Never commissioned into the U.S. Navy, she was transferred to the Royal Navy under Lend-Lease at delivery. Returned to the U.S. after the end of World War II, she was redesignated BATR-20. Struck and sold for commercial service in 1946, she was eventually grounded at Ushuaia, Argentina and abandoned.
ATR-20 was laid down by Camden Shipbuilding & Marine Railway Co., Camden, Maine, 20 January 1943; launched 18 October 1943; sponsored by Miss Joy D. Creyk; transferred to the United Kingdom under lendlease 24 April 1944; and commissioned as HMS Justice at Boston, Massachusetts, the same day, Lt. J. S. Allison, RNR, in command.
Justice was returned to the U.S. Navy on 20 March 1946 and redesignated BATR-20. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 3 July 1946 and sold 3 October 1947 to Leopoldo Simoncini of Buenos Aires as the Costa Rican-flagged St. Christopher. In 1953 she was chartered for salvage operations in Beagle Channel on the sunken South American Hamburg Company cruise ship SS Monte Cervantes along with several Argentine Navy vessels.
After suffering engine trouble and rudder damage in 1954, she was laid up at Ushuaia, Argentina. She was beached and abandoned there in 1957, and, in 2004, had her remaining fuel oil removed. As of 2007, St. Christopher is still grounded and abandoned at Ushuaia.
- "The "Monte Cervantes"". Ushuaia Divers. http://www.tierradelfuego.org.ar/divers/Pages/cerveng.html. Retrieved 2007-12-16.
- Mono Andes (2007-06-15). "Atardecer al fin del mundo." (photo of St. Christopher taken 15 June 2007). flickr.com. http://www.flickr.com/photos/12039065@N00/552564875. Retrieved 2007-12-18.
- Photo gallery of Justice at NavSource Naval History