HMS Newcastle (1653)
|Ordered:||17 February 1652|
|Builder:||Phineas Pett II, Ratcliffe|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Fourth rate frigate|
|Tons burthen:||631 long tons (641.1 t)|
|Length:||108 ft (32.9 m) (keel)|
|Beam:||33 ft 1 in (10.1 m)|
|Depth of hold:||13 ft 2 in (4.0 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||44 guns (1660); 54 guns (1677)|
HMS Newcastle was a 44-gun Fourth rate frigate of the English Royal Navy, originally built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England by Phineas Pett II at Ratcliffe, and launched in May 1653. By 1677 her armament had been increased to 54 guns.
Her first action came in 1655 when, along with fourteen other warships, she sailed into Porto Farina in Algiers to engage Barbary Pirates. This action resulted in the destruction of the entire pirate fleet, which won the Newcastle lineage its first battle honour. In 1657 she took part in Admiral Blake's daring attack on Santa Cruz de Tenerife, and in 1665, she fought at the Battle of Lowestoft. During the Revolution of 1688 Newcastle, commanded by George Churchill, defected to William of Orange (later King William III) along with most of the English navy.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p160.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Winfield, Rif (2009) British Warships in the Age of Sail 1603-1714: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth Publishing, ISBN 978-1-84832-040-8.
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