HMS Northumberland (1798)

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Destruction of the French Frigates Arianne & Andromachee 22nd May 1812. Northumberland is the ship at the right of the picture.
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Northumberland
Ordered: 10 June 1795
Builder: Barnard, Deptford
Laid down: October 1795
Launched: 2 February 1798
Honours and

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1850
Notes: Hulked, February 1827
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: America class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1907 bm
Length: 182 ft (55 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 48 ft 7.5 in (14.821 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft 7 in (6.58 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship

74 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 12 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs

HMS Northumberland was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at the yards of Barnard, Deptford and launched on 2 February 1798.[1]

Northumberland participated in the Battle of San Domingo, where she was damaged, and suffered 21 killed and 74 wounded, the highest casualties of any British ship in the battle.[citation needed]

On November 22, 1810, Northumberland, while in the company of HMS Armada, a 74-gun third rate, captured the the 14-gun French privateer ketch La Glaneuse.

She received a measure of fame when she transported Napoleon I into captivity on the Island of Saint Helena. Napoleon had surrendered to Captain Frederick Maitland of HMS Bellerophon, on 15 July 1815 and transported him to Plymouth.[2] Napoleon was transferred from the Bellerophon to the Northumberland for his final voyage to St. Helena because concerns were expressed about the suitability of the ageing ship. HMS Northumberland was therefore selected instead.[citation needed]

She was converted to a hulk in February 1827, and returned to Deptford to be broken up in 1850.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p185.
  2. Tracy, N, Who's Who in Nelson's Navy: 200 Heroes, Chatham, 2006, p. 237


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