HMS Queen (1769)
|Ordered:||10 November 1761|
|Launched:||18 September 1769|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1821|
|Notes:||74 gun ship from 1811|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||90-gun second rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1876 tons (1906.1 tonnes)|
|Length:||177 ft 6 in (54.10 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||49 ft 6 in (15.09 m)|
|Depth of hold:||21 ft 9 in (6.63 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
HMS Queen was a three-deck 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 18 September 1769 at Woolwich Dockyard. She was designed by William Bateley, and was the only ship built to her draught. Her armament was increased to 98 guns in the 1780s.
Queen fought at the First Battle of Ushant under Keppel in 1778, and the Second Battle of Ushant under Kempenfelt in 1781. In 1794 she fought in the Glorious First of June under Howe, where she served as Rear-Admiral Alan Gardner's flagship. During the battle Queen sustained significant damage, and her commanding officer, Captain John Hutt, was amongst those killed.
After the Battle of Trafalgar in 1805, the demand for the large three-decker first and second rates diminished. Consequently, in 1811 the Admiralty had Queen razeed to become a two-decker third rate of 74 guns.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p175.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Naval-Art.com HMS Queen. Cranston Fine Arts. Retrieved 30 August 2008.