HMS Santa Margarita (1779)
A sketch of HMS Santa Margarita whilst at Cork in 1796 by Nicholas Pocock
|Career (Spain)||Spanish Navy Ensign|
|Captured:||11 November 1779, by the Royal Navy|
|Career (Great Britain)|
|Name:||HMS Santa Margarita|
|Acquired:||11 November 1779|
|Fate:||Sold on 8 September 1836|
|Class and type:||36-gun fifth rate frigate|
|Tons burthen:||992 bm|
|Length:||145 ft 6 in (44.35 m)|
|Beam:||38 ft 11 in (11.86 m)|
|Depth of hold:||11 ft 9 in (3.58 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Complement:||240 (255 from 21 December 1780)|
36 guns of various weights of shot
HMS Santa Margarita was a 36-gun fifth rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She had been built for service with the Spanish Navy, but was captured after five years in service, eventually spending nearly 60 years with the British.
Santa Margarita was built at Ferrol in 1774. On 11 November 1779 she was brought to battle off Lisbon and captured by Captain Alex Graeme's HMS Tartar. She was taken into Royal Navy service by an Admiralty Order of 16 March 1780, and was repaired and refitted at Sheerness between February 1780 and June 1781.
Santa Margarita was commissioned in March 1781 under the command of Captain Elliot Salter, under whom she sailed to North America. She formed part of George Johnstone's squadron in June 1781 and on 29 July 1782 she captured the 36-gun Amazone off Cape Henry. She followed up this success by capturing the American privateer Hendrick on 30 September 1782. She was repaired at Bucklers Hard between 1790 and 1793, followed by a period fitting out at Portsmouth. Santa Margarita was recommissioned under Captain Eliab Harvey in 1793, and sailed to the Leeward Islands in December that year. She then formed part of the fleet in the West Indies under John Jervis, and was present at the capture of Martinique in February 1794. By August 1794 she was in Sir John Borlase Warren's squadron, and was present at the destruction of the Volontaire on the Penmarks on 23 August 1794, and the capture of the Espion and the destruction of the Alerte in Audierne Bay on that day.
On 29 March 1795 she was sailing with HMS Cerberus when the two engaged and captured the 18-gun Jean Bart in the English Channel. The Jean Bart was subsequently taken into service as HMS Arab. Santa Margarita came under the command of Captain Thomas Byam Martin in April 1795, and on 7 June 1796 she captured the French Tamise, which had previously been the British ship HMS Thames. Santa Margarita had two killed and three wounded in the action. She went on to capture the 16-gun privateer Buonoparte on 24 October 1796, and the 18-gun privateer Vengeur the following day. She passed under the command of Captain George Parker in December 1796, and on 21 June 1797 she captured the privateer San Francisco off the Irish coast. Parker went on to have further success against privateers, captuing the 16-gun Adour off Cape Clear on 10 July 1797 and the 16-gun Victorine on 8 August in the same area.
Santa Margarita sailed to the Leeward Islands again in March 1798, and at the end of the year captured the 14-gun privateer Le Quatorze Juillet. She sailed to Jamaica in August 1801, coming under the command of Captain Augustus Leveson Gower in April 1802, followed by Captain Henry Whitby in 1803. Santa Margarita was on the Irish station in 1804, followed by a period in the Channel between 1804 and 1807 under Captain Wilson Rathbone. She was re-coppered at Plymouth in 1805 and again in 1806, and laid up in ordinary there between 1812 and 1813. She was fitted as a lazarette in April 1814 and moved to Pembroke. She became a quarantine ship at Milford between 1814 and 1825, and was fitted out between 1824 and 1826 to allow her to be sailed to Liverpool. She was probably sold there on 8 September 1836 for the sum of £1,710.
- Winfield. British Warships. pp. p. 213.
- Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy. pp. 306.
- Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy. pp. 17.
- "SANTA MARGARITA (36)". http://www.ageofnelson.org/MichaelPhillips/info.php?ref=1967. Retrieved 2008-10-24.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: the complete record of all fighting ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham. ISBN 9781861762818. OCLC 67375475.
- Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-295-X.
- Michael Phillips. "SANTA MARGARITA (36)". http://www.ageofnelson.org/MichaelPhillips/info.php?ref=1967. Retrieved 2008-10-24.