RMS Empress of Canada (1928)
Empress of Canada
1928-1947: SS Duchess of Richmond|
1947-1953: RMS Empress of Canada
|Namesake:||Duchess of Richmond|
|Operator:||Canadian Pacific Steamships Ltd|
|Route:||Canada to UK|
|Builder:||John Brown & Company, Clydebank|
|Launched:||18 June 1928|
|Maiden voyage:||15 March 1929|
Caught fire and capsized on 25 January 1953|
Scrapped in La Spezia in 1954
Troopship during Second World War
|Length:||601 ft (183 m)|
|Beam:||75 ft 3 in (22.94 m)|
|Capacity:||As built 580 cabin, 480 tourist and 510 3rd class passengers|
SS Duchess of Richmond was an ocean liner built in 1928 for Canadian Pacific Steamships by John Brown & Company in Clydebank, Scotland. In 1947 she was renamed SS Empress of Canada. The ship was distinguished by the Royal Mail Ship (RMS) prefix in front of her name while in commercial service with Canadian Pacific.
The Duchess of Richmond was one of the several "sturdy Canadian Pacific liners which were known as "Drunken Duchesses" for their lively performance in heavy seas." She was built as a sister ship to SS Duchess of York, SS Duchess of Bedford and SS Duchess of Atholl.
During World War II, the Duchess was requisitioned as a troopship. Early in the war, she transported men to the fighting in North Africa, stopping briefly in Algiers to disembark troops on November 14, 1942.
In 1947 she was refitted as a luxury liner with the new name Empress of Canada and returned to service on her original Canada to England route.
On 25 January 1953 the Empress of Canada caught fire and heeled over against the dock wall at Gladstone Dock, Liverpool. Re-floated, the following spring she was taken to La Spezia, Italy where she was scrapped.
- Musk, George. (1981). Canadian Pacific: The Story of the Famous Shipping Line. Newton Abbot, Devon: David & Charles. 10-ISBN 0-715-37968-2
- A website for the Empress of Canada with photos
- Ship List: , Canadian Pacific's Empress fleet
- Australian War Memorial: Empress of Australia with defensive armament, 1941