SS Alaska (1881)
Guion's Alaska of 1881
|Builder:||John Elder & Company, in Govan, Scotland|
|Launched:||15 July 1881|
|Fate:||Broken up 1902|
|Notes:||Renamed Magallanes in 1897|
|Class and type:||Steam passenger ship|
|Tonnage:||6,932 gross register tons (GRT)|
|Length:||520 ft (160 m)|
|Beam:||50 ft (15 m)|
Single screw - 16 knots|
The Alaska was a record breaking British passenger liner that won the Blue Riband for the Guion Line as the fastest liner on the Atlantic in 1882. She was a slightly larger and faster edition of Guion's Arizona and in 1883 became the first liner to make the crossing to New York in under a week. However, Alaska burned 250 tons of coal per day, as compared to Arizona's already high 135 tons. Built by John Elder & Company of Glasgow, she carried 350 first class passengers and 1,000 steerage. As in the case of Arizona, Stephen Guion also personally owned Alaska.
Alaska completed 100 voyages when Guion suspended sailings in 1894. She proved difficult to sell and was finally chartered in 1897 by Cia. Transatlanticia Espanola as a troop transport. In 1899, Alaska was sold for scrap, but was resold to the Barrow shipyard where she was used as an accommodiation hulk until broken up in 1902.
- Gibbs, Charles Robert Vernon (1957). Passenger Liners of the Western Ocean: A Record of Atlantic Steam and Motor Passenger Vessels from 1838 to the Present Day. John De Graff. pp. 205–206.
- New York Times (December 20, 1885). Obituary: Stephen Baker Guion.
- Kludas, Arnold (1999). Record breakers of the North Atlantic, Blue Riband Liners 1838-1953. London: Chatham.
|Holder of the Blue Riband (Westbound)
1882 – 1884
|Atlantic Eastbound Record
1882 – 1884