|USAT Irvin L. Hunt|
USAT Irvin L. Hunt (formerly SS Edenton) stranded in the Makassar Strait, Dutch East Indies, 1941.
|Owner:||U.S. Shipping Board|
|Builder:||Skinner & Eddy|
|Laid down:||3 Sep 1918|
|Launched:||9 Nov 1918|
|Acquired:||5 Dec 1918|
|Commissioned:||5 Dec 1918–12 May 1919|
|In service:||5 Dec 1918–1946?|
USS Edenton (ID-3696) 1918 |
USAT Irvin L. Hunt 1941
|Fate:||Scrapped at Seattle, 1948|
|Type:||Design 1079 cargo ship|
|Tonnage:||6,992 gross, 9,600 dwt|
423 ft 10 in (129.18 m) |
409 ft (125 m) bp
|Beam:||54 ft (16 m)|
|Draft:||26 ft 9 in (8.15 m)|
|Installed power:||1 × 2,500 IHP steam turbine|
|Speed:||11.5 kn (21.3 km/h)|
USN: 70 |
Edenton briefly served in the U.S. Navy in the immediate postwar period as USS Edenton (ID-3696), participating in a famine relief mission to Eastern Europe before decommissioning in 1919. Between the wars, the ship was placed into commercial service as SS Edenton.
In early 1941, Edenton was acquired by the War Department for service with the U.S. Navy once again, and assigned the hull number AK-38. However, she was then transferred to the Army for use as a transport and renamed USAT Irvin L. Hunt. Irvin L. Hunt survived the war and after transfer to the Maritime Commission, was again renamed SS Edenton. The ship was scrapped in 1948.
Construction and design
Edenton was built in Seattle, Washington in 1918 at the No. 1 Plant of the Skinner & Eddy Corporation—the first in a series of 23 Design 1079 cargo ships built by Skinner & Eddy under the USSB's emergency wartime shipbuilding program. The ship was laid down on 3 September, launched 52½ working (66 calendar) days later on 9 November, and delivered on 5 December—a total time under construction of just 70 working (92 calendar) days.
As all previous ships built by the company for the USSB had been of the Design 1013 type, the company decided to differentiate the new type by changing its naming system. The 1013s had all been prefixed with the word West, so for the 1079s the names were started with the letter "E" instead. The company was to stick with this nomenclature through the next fourteen ships, but dropped it for the fifteenth ship in the batch, Wheatland Montana, after which names appear to have been assigned randomly. Edenton herself was named after a city in North Carolina.
Edenton had a designed deadweight tonnage of 9,600 and a gross register tonnage of about 7,000 tons. The ship had a length of 423 feet 10 inches (409 feet between perpendiculars), a beam of 54 feet and a draft of 26 feet 9 inches. She was powered by a 2,500 IHP oil-fired steam turbine delivering a service speed of 11.5 to 12 knots.
Edenton was delivered to the Navy three weeks after the end of World War I on 5 December 1918. She was commissioned the same day at the Puget Sound Navy Yard as USS Edenton (ID-3696), with Lieutenant Commander E. F. Kenney, USNRF, placed in command.
Edenton began her one and only Navy mission on 11 December 1918, when she sailed for the east coast of the U.S. with a cargo of flour bound for Eastern Europe on a postwar famine relief mission. Arriving at New York on 27 January 1919, Edenton departed on 19 February for Trieste, Italy where her cargo was duly delivered. She then returned to the United States, arriving at New Orleans, Louisiana on 4 May. The ship was decommissioned a few days later on 12 May and returned to control of the U.S. Shipping Board.
Following her decommission, Edenton was placed into merchant service by the USSB as SS Edenton. The ship appears to have ranged far and wide during this period of her career.
In the early 1920s, Edenton operated in both transatlantic and South American service, sailing between the United States and ports such as Rotterdam, Holland and Havana, Cuba. On March 29, 1925, Edenton suffered a collision about 35 miles east of Barcelona, Spain with a French schooner, Ville de Bassens. The schooner was sunk in the accident, but apparently no lives were lost. Edenton suffered only minor damage.
By the late 1920s, the ship was in operation for the Roosevelt Line, sailing between U.S. ports such as New York and Los Angeles to various locations in the Pacific, including Honolulu, Hawaii; Manila, Philippines and the Far East. By 1930, Edenton was working for American Export Lines, making mail and parcel runs to Mediterranean and Near Eastern destinations such as Casablanca, Morocco; Piraeus, Greece; Constanţa, Rumania and Constantinople, Turkey.
The onset of the Great Depression in 1929-1930 substantially reduced international trade, and many mercantile vessels were laid up in this period due to lack of work. There is no record in readily available sources of Edenton's movements in the later 1930s, which indicates that she may have been one of those ships laid up.
World War II
In February 1941, Edenton was acquired from the U.S. Maritime Commission by the War Department. Initially earmarked for Navy service and assigned the hull number AK-38, she was instead turned over to the Army for use as a transport, and renamed USAT Irvin L. Hunt.
The ship remained in Army service for the duration of the war, during which time she saw service in the Pacific Theater. After the war, Irvin L. Hunt was retained by the Army until 1947, when she was returned to the Maritime Commission and once again renamed SS Edenton. Edenton was scrapped by Dulien Steel Products of Seattle, Washington in 1948.
- Pacific Ports Annual, pp. 64-65.
- "General Cargo Ships Built in Pacific Coast Shipyards", shipbuildinghistory.com.
- Edenton, Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships, Naval History and Heritage Command website.
- "Edenton", ellisisland.org.
- "USAT Irvin L. Hunt", Naval Historical Center website.
- McKellar, p. 325.
- The Ellis Island Ship Database - Edenton, ellisisland.org.
- "Two Vessels in Collision: American Steamer and French Schooner Crash in Mediterranean", New York Times, March 30, 1925 (subscription required).
- "Policeman Shot in Neck as He Leaves Patrol Barn", Chicago Daily Tribune, March 30, 1929 (subscription required).
- "Other 5", Los Angeles Times, September 17, 1928.
- "Shipping and Mails (2)", New York Times, April 12, 1929.
- "Shipping News and Activities at Los Angeles Harbor", Los Angeles Times, August 27, 1929.
- "Steamships", The Hartford Courant, January 17, 1930 (subscription required).
- "Steamships", The Hartford Courant, April 30, 1930 (subscription required).
- Some sources refer to the vessel as Irwin L. Hunt, but according to DANFS this is a misspelling. See "USAT Irvin L. Hunt", Naval Historical Center website.
- "Ships of the United States Army - Irvin L. Hunt", Naval Historical Center website.
- Pacific Ports Inc. (1919): Pacific Ports Annual, Fifth Edition, 1919, pp. 64-65, 402-405, Pacific Ports Inc.
- McKellar, Norman L. (1963): "Steel Shipbuilding under the U.S. Shipping Board, 1917-1921 - Design No. 1079, Skinner & Eddy Type", The Belgian Shiplover, pp. 325-326a, No. 94, July-August 1963.
- This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.