SS Sankt Erik
|"File:SS Sankt Erik.jpg|
SS Sankt Erik moored outside of the Vasa Museum in 2005. Note the shape of the bow which is designed to ride up over the ice.
|Port of registry:||Sweden|
|Builder:||Finnboda Shipyard of Stockholm, Sweden|
|Renamed:||SS Sankt Erik in 1959|
|Fate:||Decommissioned 1977 and became a museum ship in 1980 moored in Stockholm, Sweden|
|Class and type:||Icebreaker|
432 tonnes empty |
1441 tonnes gross
|Length:||58.09 m (191 ft)|
|Beam:||16.99 m (55 ft)|
|Draft:||6.50 m (21 ft)|
|Propulsion:||a single screw in the stern and a single screw in the bow|
She was launched in 1915 as the Isbrytaren II, "Ice breaker II", and was a conventionally constructed Baltic icebreaker, with a strengthened bow shaped to be lifted up onto the ice to crush it and a forward facing screw to push water and crushed ice along the side of the hull. She also has heeling tanks which can be filled and emptied with seawater in turn to rock the ship to widen the channel. Her reciprocating steam engines are the most powerful functioning ones in Sweden.
Although she was the country's first large icebreaker, she was owned by the city of Stockholm and used to keep the channels around it clear of ice. She was also sometimes used outside of the Stockholm area by the Swedish government since they had contributed towards her cost.
- Vasa museum
- Paper on the restoration of the ship presented at the Third International Conference on the Technical Aspects of the Preservation of Historic Vessels in 1997
- Miramar Ship Index - Isbrytaren II