Spanish ship Monarca (1756)
|Career (Spain)||Spanish Navy Ensign|
|Captured:||16 January 1780, by Royal Navy|
|Career (Great Britain)|
|Acquired:||16 January 1780|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||68-gun third rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1911 tons (1941.7 tonnes)|
|Length:||174 ft 4½ in (53.1 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||40 ft 10 in (12.4 m)|
|Depth of hold:||20 ft 7 in (6.3 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||68 guns of various weights of shot|
She fought in the Battle of Cape St Vincent in 1780, in which she was captured by the Royal Navy and subsequently commissioned as the third rate HMS Monarca. She came under the command of Captain John Gell who was under the orders of Sir Samuel Hood to go to the West Indies. However she was dismasted in a storm and obliged to return to Britain for refitting.
She fought at the Battle of Cuddalore in 1783.
She was sold out of the navy in 1791.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1. p182.
- Hopton Catalogue, Wirksworth.org
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
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