USS Chukawan (AO-100)
Chukawan refueling Midway and John R. Pierce in 1950
|Ordered:||as T3-S2-A3 tanker hull|
|Laid down:||date unknown|
|Launched:||28 August 1945|
|Commissioned:||22 January 1946|
|Decommissioned:||13 June 1972|
|Struck:||1 July 1972|
|Fate:||sold for scrapping, 1 March 1973|
|Displacement:||7,236 t.(lt) 25,440 t.(fl)|
|Length:||553 ft (169 m)|
|Beam:||75 ft (23 m)|
|Draft:||32 ft (9.8 m)|
|Propulsion:||geared turbines, twin screws, 30,400 hp|
|Speed:||18 knots (33 km/h)|
|Armament:||one single 5"/38 dual purpose gun mount; four single 3"/50 dual purpose gun mounts; four twin 40 mm AA gun mounts; four twin 20 mm AA gun mounts|
Chukawan (AO-100) was launched 28 August 1945 by Bethlehem Steel Co., Sparrows Point, Maryland; sponsored by Miss M. McCrea; commissioned 22 January 1946, Commander G. H. Burrows, USNR, in command; and reported to the Atlantic Fleet.
From the time of her commissioning through 1963, Chukawan has helped give the U.S. Fleet its unique mobility. From her home port at Norfolk, Virginia, she has repeatedly sailed to fuel ships operating in exercises along the coast, to transport oil products overseas and to carry oil from producing regions. Among her most important duties have been her cruises with the U.S. 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean. These deployments occurred in 1947, 1950, 1951-52, 1954, 1955-56, 1957, 1958, and 1960, and were occasions for visits to a variety of Mediterranean ports, as well as participation in various operations.
Two of these were of special international significance. The first came in November 1956, upon the outbreak of the Suez crisis, when she sailed from Norfolk on short notice with a carrier task force assigned to stand by in the eastern Atlantic should American strength in the Mediterranean need enhancement. Her second dramatic incident occurred through her service to 6th Fleet ships during the Lebanon crisis of summer, 1958, when such support as hers made possible the landing of U.S. Marines on the shortest possible notice.
Chukawan was decommissioned, 13 June 1972, at Pier 2, Naval Station, Norfolk, Virginia, and she was subsequently struck from the Naval Register, 1 July 1972. She was sold for scrapping by the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service, 1 March 1973.
Military honors and awards
Chukawan’s crew members were authorized the following medals:
- Navy Meritorious Unit Commendation (3)
- American Campaign Medal
- World War II Victory Medal
- National Defense Service Medal (2)
- Armed Forces Expeditionary Medal (1-Lebanon)
- Photo gallery of Chukawan at NavSource Naval History
- Wildenberg, Thomas (1996). Gray Steel and Black Oil: Fast Tankers and Replenishment at Sea in the U.S. Navy, 1912-1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. http://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/GSBO/index.html. Retrieved 2009-04-28.