USS Hornet (1805 brig)
Artist's depiction of Hornet's foundering
|Launched:||28 July 1805|
|Commissioned:||18 October 1805|
|Fate:||Sunk in storm, 29 September 1829|
|Displacement:||440 long tons (450 t)|
|Length:||106 ft 9 in (32.54 m)|
|Beam:||31 ft 5 in (9.58 m)|
|Draft:||14 ft (4.3 m)|
|Armament:||18 × 32-pounder carronades, 2 × 12-pounder long guns|
Hornet was launched on 28 July 1805 in Baltimore and commissioned on 18 October. She fought in the War of 1812 under command of James Lawrence, who later (while commanding Chesapeake) gave the United States Navy their famous motto "Don't give up the ship."
War of 1812
At the outbreak of war Hornet sailed under Lawrence's command on a raiding voyage to South America. She captured the privateer Dolphin on 9 July 1812, although the British recaptured the ship shortly afterwards. Hornet assisted in the blockade of HMS Bonne Citoyenne in the harbor at Salvador, Brazil and sank HMS Peacock on 24 February 1813. Following this she returned to New London.
On 14 November 1814, under new command, Hornet sailed on a second raiding voyage to the South Atlantic. On 23 March 1815, she captured HMS Penguin in a short battle off Tristan da Cunha. This was one of several naval engagements which took place after the war had ended. On 27 April, she engaged HMS Cornwallis, having mistakenly identified her as a cargo vessel. Hornet managed to escape by throwing overboard boats, guns and other equipment so to enable higher speed.