USS Ontario (AT-13)
|USS Ontario (AT-13)|
|Builder:||New York Shipbuilding Company, Camden, New Jersey|
|Laid down:||23 November 1911|
|Launched:||11 April 1912|
|Commissioned:||4 September 1912|
|Decommissioned:||3 June 1946|
|Struck:||19 June 1946|
|1 battle star (World War II)|
|Fate:||Sold to Floyd Harrington, Wilmington, California, 4 April 1947|
|Displacement:||1,120 long tons (1,138 t)|
|Length:||185 ft 2 in (56.44 m)|
|Beam:||34 ft (10 m)|
|Draft:||20 ft 3 in (6.17 m)|
|Speed:||13.2 knots (24.4 km/h; 15.2 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × machine guns|
The third USS Ontario (AT–13), a single screw seagoing tug, was laid down by the New York Shipbuilding Company, Camden, New Jersey on 23 November 1911, launched on 11 April 1912, and commissioned at Philadelphia Navy Yard on 4 September 1912, Chief Boatswain S. M. McCarthy in command.
World War I
The finest development in naval tugboats up to that time, Ontario served as part of the Atlantic Fleet for the first five years following commissioning. The ship operated all along the Atlantic Coast and in the Caribbean in support of Fleet exercises and did auxiliary work in various ports and naval stations. When the United States entered World War I in April 1917, the tugboat steamed along the East Coast laying anti-submarine nets and patrolling against minefields from Portsmouth, Virginia, to Portsmouth, New Hampshire and towed barges of essential war supplies to New England ports. From 24 December 1917 to 2 January 1918, Ontario helped rescue grounded freighter Matanzas, an ammunition filled merchantman in danger of breaking up off Halifax, Nova Scotia and then returned to towing and netlaying duties.
The tugboat sailed for Queenstown, Ireland in late summer 1918, and joined the Atlantic Fleet Mine Force, patrolling off Daunt Rock Light Vessel, on guard against enemy submarines until after the Armistice. She then engaged in patrol work out of Ireland, England, the Azores, Portugal, and Gibraltar into 1920 as part of Subchaser Detachment 2, U.S. Naval Forces in European Waters, removing remnants of the Great War's minefields. The ship sailed for Samoa for duty as station ship, rescue vessel, Governor’s yacht, transport, and the flagship of the Samoan Navy in mid-1920.
For the next two decades, aside from regular yard periods at Pearl Harbor for repairs, Ontario operated out of the Tutuila Naval Station in her diverse but useful capacity, becoming a legend to Samoa's young men who were encouraged to join the Navy because of her presence.
World War II
On 3 January 1941, the tug sailed for Pearl Harbor for a yard period and remained there throughout the rest of the year while she was converted from coal to oil. When the Japanese attacked Pearl, on 7 December 1941, the ship went into action with her two machine guns and was credited with downing one enemy plane. She next operated on auxiliary service to the Fleet out of Pearl Harbor into late 1943 and then joined Service Squadron 2 for duty with that force at advanced bases in the invasions of the Ellice, Gilbert, and Marshall Islands. From October 1944 to August 1945, the ship served as yard tug at Ulithi supplying the amphibious and fast carrier task forces with barge towing and other varied services during the busiest periods of the war, taking time out only to lay anchor buoys for ships along the coast of Peleliu in November–December 1944.
Ontario departed Ulithi for Eniwetok at the end of August 1945, sailing thence to Pearl Harbor and finally San Diego with two storm damaged patrol boats in tow. The old tug arrived back in the United States for the first time in 25 years on 21 December 1945 and was immediately assigned to duty as yard tug at Long Beach, California until decommissioned on 3 June 1946. She was struck from the Naval Vessel Register on 19 June 1946 and sold to Floyd Harrington, Wilmington, California on 4 April 1947.
- This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.