USS Powhatan (ID-3013)
USS Powhatan (ID-3013) docked at New York City.
|Career (Germany)||Kaiserliche Marine Jack|
|Owner:||Hamburg America Line|
Vulcan Shipbuilding Corp.|
|Launched:||25 November 1899|
|Fate:||interned by the United States, 1914; seized, 1917|
|Career (U.S. Navy)||100x35px|
|Name:||USS Hamburg (ID-3013)|
|Namesake:||Powhatan, father of Pocahontas|
|Acquired:||6 April 1917|
|Commissioned:||16 August 1917|
|Decommissioned:||2 September 1919|
|Renamed:||USS Powhatan (ID-3013), 5 September 1917|
|Fate:||Transferred to War Department for use by United States Army|
|Class and type:||Barbarossa-class ocean liner|
|Length:||544 ft 11.5 in (166.103 m)|
|Beam:||60 ft 2 in (18.34 m)|
|Draft:||30 ft (9.1 m)|
|Speed:||16 knots (30 km/h)|
4 × 6-inch (150 mm) guns|
2 × 1-pounder guns
2 × machine guns
USS Powhatan (ID–3013) was a transport ship for the United States Navy during World War I. She was originally the SS Hamburg, a Barbarossa-class ocean liner built in 1899 by Aktiengesellschaft Vulkan of Stettin, Germany, for the Hamburg America Line. At the outset of World War I the ship was interned by the United States and, when that country entered the conflict in 1917, was seized and converted to a troop transport.
Originally commissioned as USS Hamburg (ID-3013), the ship was renamed Powhatan on 5 September 1917, During World War I, she carried 15,274 troops to France and after the war she returned 11,803 servicemen to the United States.
After decommissioning by the U.S. Navy, the ship was turned over to the United States Shipping Board, and chartered for mercantile service until broken up in 1928.
The SS Hamburg was originally intended to be named Bavaria, being renamed only a month prior to launching. On completion, SS Hamburg served the Hamburg-Far East (until 1904 when Hapag and NDL no longer combined on the mail route), Hamburg-New York and Genoa-New York runs for the Hamburg America Line. The ship was also twice used by Kaiser Wilhelm II as his state yacht for foreign visits, during which time the ship was painted white overall. .
Due to British Royal Navy control of the seas she was caught in New York at the outbreak of World War I and remained there from 31 July 1914 until commissioned as the troop transport USS Hamburg by the United States Navy on 16 August 1917, with Commander Gatewood Lincoln in command.
The ship was renamed Powhatan on 5 September 1917 and began the first of 12 consecutive Atlantic crossings on 12 November 1917. Powhatan was twice attacked by a submarine in the Bay of Biscay on 4 April 1918 but survived unscathed due to prompt location and depth charging by escorting destroyers. From 12 November 1917 to 9 December 1918, she carried 15,274 troops to France and after the war she returned 11,803 servicemen to the United States.
In August, 1920, the ship was renamed New Rochelle and under charter to the Baltic Steamship Corp of America, sailed from New York to Danzig. On February 11, 1921 she sailed under charter to the United States Mail Steamship Company on the same run, and in May she was again renamed Hudson
On charter to the United States Lines in August 1921, she sailed from New York to Bremen, before again being renamed President Fillmore in 1922. After round the world service with the Dollar Line of San Francisco, she was sold for breaking up in 1928
- This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. The entry can be found here.
- Photo gallery of Powhatan at NavSource Naval History