Canada class ship of the line

From SpottingWorld, the Hub for the SpottingWorld network...
HMS Captain capturing the San Nicolas and the San Josef at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, 14 February 1797
Class overview
Operators: Royal Navy
Preceded by:Arrogant-class
Succeeded by:Ramillies-class
In service:17 September 1765 - 1834
General characteristics
Type: Ship of the line

170 ft (52 m) (gundeck)

133 ft (41 m) (keel)
Beam: 46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)
Propulsion: Sails

74 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs
Notes: Ships in class include: Canada, Majestic, Orion, Captain

The Canada class ships of the line were a series of four 74-gun third rates designed for the Royal Navy by William Bateley. The name ship of the class was launched in 1765.


During this period in British naval architecture, the 74-gun third rates were divided into two distinct groupings: the 'large' and 'common' classes. The Canada class ships belonged to the latter grouping, carrying 18 pdr guns on their upper gun decks, as opposed to the 24 pdrs of the large class.


HMS Captain, made famous for Nelson's actions at the Battle of Cape St Vincent, belonged to this class of ships.


Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Ordered: 1 December 1759
Launched: 17 September 1765
Fate: Broken up, 1834
Builder: Adams & Barnard, Deptford
Ordered: 23 August 1781
Launched: 11 December 1785
Fate: Broken up, 1816
Builder: Barnard, Deptford
Ordered: 2 October 1782
Launched: 1 June 1787
Fate: Broken up, 1814
Builder: Batson, Limehouse
Ordered: 14 November 1782
Launched: 26 January 1787
Fate: Burned and broken up, 1813


  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.