French ship Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1795)

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File:Battle of 13 March 1806.jpg
Capture of Marengo (ex-Jean-Jacques Rousseau, left) by HMS London (right)
Career (France) French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign

Jean-Jacques Rousseau (until 1802)

Marengo (until 1806)
Builder: Toulon
Laid down: September 1794
Launched: 21 July 1795
In service: October 1796
Out of service: 13 March 1806
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Marengo
Acquired: 13 March 1806
Fate: broken up in 1816
General characteristics
Class and type: Téméraire class ship of the line

2 966 tonnes

5 260 tonnes fully loaded
Length: 55.87 metres (172 French feet)
Beam: 14.90 metres (44' 6)
Draught: 7.26 metres (22 French feet)
Propulsion: Up to 2 485 m² of sails
Complement: 678 men

74 guns:

  • Lower gundeck: 28 x 36-pdr long guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 x 24-pdr long guns
  • Forecastle and Quarter deck:
16 x 8-pdr long guns
4 x 36-pdr carronades
Armour: Timber

The Jean-Jacques Rousseau was a Téméraire class 74-gun ship of the line of the French Navy.

In October 1796, under captain Racord, she was part of the Villeneuve's squadron that sailed from Toulon to Brest. On 2 December 1802, she was renamed to Marengo.

In 1803, she sailed to the Indian Ocean as Linois' flagship, notably taking part in the Battle of Pulo Aura and the Battle of Vizagapatam.

At the Action of 13 March 1806, Linois met with the division of Vice-Admiral Sir John Warren, with seven ships of the line (including the 108-gun London, the 82-gun Ramilles and Repulse, and the 80-gun Foudroyant), 2 frigates (including the 48-gun Amazone) and one corvette. After a fierce duel with London, Marengo struck her colours; Belle Poule battled against Amazone and later against Ramilles, and had to surrender as well.

Marengo was taken into British service as HMS Marengo. She was used as a prison hulk from 1809 until she was broken up in 1816.

External links

ru:Маренго (линейный корабль)