HMCS Rainbow (1891)

From SpottingWorld, the Hub for the SpottingWorld network...
HMCS Rainbow in 1910
Career (United Kingdom)  Royal Navy
Name: HMS Rainbow
Builder: Palmers
Launched: 25 March 1891
Commissioned: 1893
Out of service: 1909
Struck: 1909
Fate: Transferred to Canada
Career (Canada) 30px
Name: HMCS Rainbow
Acquired: 4 August 1910
Decommissioned: 1920
Struck: 1920
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Apollo-class protected cruiser
Displacement: 3,600 tons
Length: 314 feet (95.7 m)
Beam: 43.5 feet (13.3 m)
Draught: 17.5 feet (5.3 m)
Speed: 19.75 knots
Complement: 273 to 300 (Officers and Men)

2 × QF 6-inch (152.4 mm) guns
6 × QF 4.7-inch (120 mm) guns[1]
8 × 6 pounders

2 to 4 × 14 inch torpedo tubes

HMCS Rainbow, formerly HMS Rainbow, was an Apollo-class protected cruiser built for Britain's Royal Navy by Palmers at Hebburn-On-Tyne in England. She was launched on 25 March 1891 as HMS Rainbow and entered service in 1893.

Operational history

Royal Navy

She would serve in the China Station in Hong Kong from 1895 to 1898 and in Malta from 1898 to 1899. The cost of operating Rainbow was deemed excessive, and between 1900 and 1909 she saw very limited service. Most of her operations at this time were closer to England. During this time, she also saw a severe reduction in Fleet Support, resulting in minor modernization updates. Her crew rotation at this time was basically used as a training cycle. Eventually, she was not used at sea from 1907 - 1909 at all. In early 1909, the Admiralty ordered her decommissioned and placed on the Inactive List (Ships of the Line that were not in service).

Royal Canadian Navy

HMS Rainbow was presented to Canada in 1910, and was recommissioned HMCS Rainbow. HMCS Niobe and Rainbow were the two first ships of the Royal Canadian Navy that were purchased from the Admiralty. She entered Canadian service on 4 May 1910. Her initial duties included training, ceremonial visits and fishery patrols. Rainbow served Canada's Pacific Coast from Esquimalt, British Columbia.

HMCS Rainbow in Vancouver's English Bay, where it was sent to guard the Komagata Maru in July 1914

In 1914, Rainbow was called to Vancouver to assist with an international incident that was unfolding. The Komagata Maru, a ship filled with Sikh immigrants from India, challenged Canada's immigration law designed to prevent immigration from South Asia. The ship's passengers were not permitted to disembark even though they were British Subjects. Rainbow was sent to force the ship to return to India. Twenty of the passengers were killed upon returning to Budge Budge, India, after they resisted an attempt to forcibly return them to Punjab.[2]

When World War I broke out, Rainbow was already underway on a mission to find and engage ships of the Imperial German Navy in the Pacific Ocean, in particular SMS Leipzig and SMS Nurnberg. She never met either of these ships, although she missed Leipzig by only a day at San Francisco.[3] This was to be Rainbow's first and only taste of peril.

In 1916 and early 1917, Rainbow was used to transport $140,000,000 in Russian gold bullion (valued in 1917 Canadian dollars) between Esquimalt and Vancouver.[4] This money was placed in trust with Canada by the Russian government for protection due to the impending Russian revolution.

The RCN found that the cost of operating Rainbow was using up too much of the West Coast naval operations budget, and the crew of the Rainbow was sorely needed on the Atlantic coast for the fight against the U-boats. The Rainbow was decommissioned and de-activated on 8 May 1917, and her crew sent east. One month later, she was recommissioned in Esquimalt as a depot ship. She served in this capacity until 1920, when she was sold for scrap.

Commanding Officers

  • CDR J.D.D. Stewart (RN) 4 August 1910 - 23 June 1911
  • CDR Walter Hose (RN then RCN) 24 June 1911 - 30 April 1917
  • CDR H.E. Holme (RCN 1 May 1917 - 8 May 1917
  • LCDR J.H. Knight (RCN) 1 July 1917 - 21 August 1917
  • CDR J.T. Shenton (RCN) 22 August 1917 - 12 May 1918
  • LT Y. Birley (RCN) 13 May 1918 - 14 October 1919
  • CAPT E.H. Martin, CMG, (RCN) 15 October 1919 - 1 June 1920


  1. Admiral Percy Scott quotes 6 x 4.7 inch guns on sister ship HMS Scylla in 1899. "Fifty Years in the Royal Navy" published 1919, page 88
  2. [1]
  3. Marc Milner (May/June 2004). "The Original Rainbow Warrior". Legion Magazine. Retrieved 3 December 2009. 
  4. Clare Sugrue (2005-2006). "Ship histories: HMCS Rainbow". CFB Esquimalt Naval & Military Museum. Retrieved 3 May 2007. 
  • Macpherson, Keneth R. and Burgess, John. (1982)(Second Printing)The Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910-1981. Collins Publishers. ISBN 0-00-216856-1

fr:NCSM Rainbow