HMS Monarch (1765)

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Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Monarch
Ordered: 22 November 1760
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 20 July 1765
Honours and

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1813
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Ramillies-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1612 bm
Length: 168 ft 6 in (51.36 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 9 in (6.02 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship

74 guns:

  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs

HMS Monarch was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 20 July 1765 at Deptford Dockyard.[1]

Monarch had a very active career, fighting in her first battle in 1778 at the First Battle of Ushant and her second under Admiral Rodney at Cape St. Vincent in 1780. She fought in the van of Graves' fleet at the Battle of the Chesapeake in 1781. In early 1782 she fought at the Battle of St. Kitts, and later that year at the Battle of the Saintes. In 1795 she was deployed as part of the small fleet under Admiral Elphinstone that captured the Cape of Good Hope from the Dutch VOC at the Battle of Muizenberg. In 1797 Monarch was Vice Admiral Richard Onslow's flagship at the Battle of Camperdown, under Captain Edward O'Bryen, and in 1801 she was part of Nelson's fleet at the Battle of Copenhagen, where she suffered the most damage out of the British ships present.[citation needed]

In 1808, she helped escort the Portuguese royal family in its flight from Portugal to Brazil.

Monarch was broken up in 1813.[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p177.


  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.

ja:モナーク (戦列艦・2代)