HMS Shelburne (1813)
HMS Shelburne (1813) was the American privateer schooner Racer, built in Baltimore in 1811 and captured by the British in 1813. She served on the American coast, capturing the American brig Frolic. She also captured some merchantmen and may have participated in the Battle of Lake Borgne. She was sold in Britain in 1817.
On 13 April 1813, Sir John Borlase Warren's squadron, consisting of San Domingo, Marlborough, Maidstone, Statira, Fantome, Mohawk and Highflyer pursued four schooners into the Rappahannock River in Virginia. The British sent 17 boats 15 miles upriver before capturing their prey.
One of the schooners, the Dolphin, had been on a privateering cruise; consequently she carried 100 men and 12 guns. Under her captain, W.S. Stafford, she fought for some two hours before she struck. In the action the British lost two killed and 11 wounded; Stafford placed his losses at six killed and 10 wounded.
The British took at least three of the schooners into service. Racer, of 225 tons (bm), six guns and 36 men, became Shelburne. Lynx became Mosquidobit. Dolphin retained her name and became a tender commanded by a Lieut. George Hutchinson.[Note 1] Lastly, it is not clear what became of Arab, of seven guns and 45 men, which too had put up some resistance.
On 29 April 1813, boats from Dolphin, together with boats from Mohawk, Fantome, Highflyer and Racer, which had not yet been renamed, went up the Chesapeake Bay to Frenchtown to destroy five American ships and stores; they also purchased provisions for the squadron from the locals. This took until 3 May 1813 to complete. On the way back, a battery fired on the British from the shore; a landing party destroyed the battery. The Admiralty would later issue the clasp "28 APRIL BOAT SERVICE 1813” for the Naval General Service Medal for the action.
The Admiralty bought Racer for ₤1,940.11.5d (amended figure) and the British named her for the town of Shelburne, Nova Scotia, commissioning her under Lieutenant David Hope. They also armed her with 10 12-pounder carronades and two 6-pounder guns. During 1813 Shelburne captured at least three merchant vessels.
- 26 August: recaptured the Eliza.
- 11 October: captured the Margelt.
- 12 October: captured the Fanny.
On 3 Mar 1814 Epervier and Shelburne sailed with a small convoy for Bermuda and the West Indies. After the two warships parted ways, Epervier encountered the Peacock. The subsequent engagement resulted in the capture of Epervier.
Having left Epervier, Shelburne joined the frigate Orpheus. Together, on 20 Apr 1814, they captured the 18-gun sloop Frolic. Outnumbered and out-gunned, Frolic beat away to southward, making for the coast of Cuba. During the six-hour chase, Frolic's men labored to lighten their ship. They cut away the starboard anchor and cast overboard the guns mounted on her port side. Eventually, Hope, seeing Frolic heel and realizing that she was unarmed on her port side, came up prepared to fire a broadside on Frolic's unarmed side.
Frolic surrendered to Shelburne as Orpheus approached; by this time the vessels were about 15 miles off Matanzas. The British took Frolic into service as Florida. Frolic had been armed with two long 18-pounder guns and 20 32-pounder carronades. The 18-pounder still on her turned out to be of British make and may have come from Macedonian.
The subsequent court martial acquitted Frolic's commander, Joseph Bainbridge, his officers and his crew, of the loss of his ship.[Note 2] Hope was promoted to Commander in June, but remained with Shelburne.
In October Lieut. William Hamilton assumed command, while Hope served as an aide to Admiral Alexander Cochrane in Tonnant. Thereafter, Shelburne served in the blockade of New Orleans and assisted the Creek Indians who were British allies. In 1821 she shared in the distribution of head-money arising from the capture of American gun-boats and sundry bales of cotton at the Battle of Lake Borgne on 14 December 1814.
In February 1815 Shelburne and Anaconda, which was also a former American privateer, cruised off the Florida coast north of Havana.
On 22 June 1816 Shelburne arrived at Deptford. In October 1817 she was sold to Mr. Brown for £600.
- Chapelle, Howard Irving (1967) The search for speed under sail, 1700-1855. (New York: Norton).
- Dudley, William S. (1992) The Naval War of 1812: A Documentary History. (Washington, DC: Department of the Navy, Naval Historical Center), V. 2.
- Maclay, Edgar Stanton (1899) A history of American privateers. (London & New York).
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461.
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