HMS Tamar (1863)
HMS Tamar at Alexandria, 1882
|Class and type:||Troopship|
|Fate:||Scuttled, Hong Kong, December 12, 1941|
|Tons burthen:||2,812 tons|
|Length:||320 ft (98 m)|
|Beam:||45 ft (14 m)|
|Propulsion:||1 propeller; 500 hp steam plant|
|Sail plan:||Barque rigged|
HMS Tamar was a Royal Navy troopship built by the Samuda Brothers at Cubitt Town, London, and launched in Britain in 1863. She served as a supply ship from 1897 to 1941, and gave her name to the HMS Tamar shore station in Hong Kong (1897 to 1997).
The 1863 incarnation of the HMS Tamar was the fourth to bear that name, which is derived from the River Tamar, in Cornwall, and the ship's crest is based on its coat of arms. Built in Cubitt Town in East London, she was launched in June 1863, and began her maiden voyage on 12 January 1864 as a troopship to the Cape and China.
Tamar was dual-powered with masts and a steam engine, giving a speed of 12 knots. She originally had two funnels, but she was re-equipped with a more advanced boiler and reduced to one funnel.
In 1874, she formed part of the Naval Brigade that helped to defeat the Ashanti in West Africa, during the Ashanti War. Tamar took part in the bombardment of Alexandria in 1882.
In 1897 Tamar was hulked as a base ship and relieved HMS Victor Emmanuel as the Hong Kong receiving ship. She was used as a base ship until replaced by the shore station, which was named HMS Tamar, after the ship.
The Tamar had been towed out to a buoy on 8 December during the Battle of Hong Kong during World War II. Amidst a curfew of darkness and bombardment by the Japanese forces, the orders came at 2100 hours on 11 December to scuttle her. She was scuttled at the buoy on 12 December 1941 once it was clear that the advance could not be arrested, to avoid being used by the invading Japanese Imperial forces. As the ship's superstructure became airlocked, the ship refused to sink for some time, until the Royal Artillery was called in to administer the coup de grâce.
A mast from this ship has been erected outside Murray House in Stanley, Hong Kong.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Eric Cavaliero, Harbour bed holds memories, The Standard, 13 November 1997
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: the complete record of all fighting ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham. ISBN 9781861762818. OCLC 67375475.
HMS Victor Emmanuel
|Royal Navy receiving ship in Hong Kong
replaced by HMS Tamar (shore station) at Wellington Barracks, Hong Kong
- Pages using duplicate arguments in template calls
- Pages with broken file links
- Troop ships
- Victorian era naval ships of the United Kingdom
- World War II ships of the United Kingdom
- Royal Navy troop ships
- 1863 ships
- World War II shipwrecks in the South China Sea
- Maritime incidents in 1941
- Cubitt Town-built ships