Japanese battleship Fuji

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Japanese battleship Fuji in 1905
Career (Japan) 50px
Name: Fuji
Ordered: 1894
Builder: Thames Iron Works, Leamouth, London, UK
Laid down: August 1,1894
Launched: March 31,1896
Commissioned: August 8,1897
In service: 1897
Out of service: 1922
Struck: November 11,1945
Fate: Scrapped 1948
Notes: training hulk and barracks from 1922
General characteristics
Class and type: Fuji class battleship
Displacement: 12,533 tons
Length: 114 metres (374.0 ft)
Beam: 22.25 metres (73.0 ft)
Draught: 8.08 metres (26.5 ft)
Propulsion: Two Shaft Reciprocating VTE steam engine; 14 boilers, 13,500 shp (10,070 kW)
Speed: 18.25 knots (33.8 km/h)
11 knots (20.4 km/h) after 1914 refit
Range: 1117 tons coal; 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km) @10 knots (19 km/h)
Complement: 726


  • 457 mm main belt armor
  • 63 mm deck armor
  • 152 mm turret, casement
  • 356 mm conning tower

Fuji (富士?) was the lead ship of the Fuji-class of early pre-dreadnought battleships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, and one of the six battleships (Shikishima, Yashima, Hatsuse, Fuji, Asahi, and Mikasa) that formed the main Japanese battle line in the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. It was named after Japan's famed Mount Fuji.


Fuji and her sister-ship Yashima were the first two battleships built for Japan. As the Japanese were still incapable of building modern steel warships themselves, Fuji was ordered from the Thames Iron Works, London in 1894. The work was supervised by a team of over 240 engineers and naval officers from Japan, including by future Prime Ministers Saitō Makoto (then a captain) and Katō Tomosaburō (then a lieutenant). [1]

After completion, Fuji participated in a Fleet Review marking the 60th anniversary of the coronation of Queen Victoria before departing for Japan via the Suez Canal. [2]

Fuji arrived at Yokosuka on 1897-10-31, too late for combat in the First Sino-Japanese War, and was designated as a 1st class battleship. During trials off of Kobe on 1898-11-19, it had the honor of hosting Emperor Meiji

Fuji helped form the core of the Japanese fleet during the Russo-Japanese War of 1904-1905. She was hit twice during the bombardment of Port Arthur on 1904-02-09, and also when she again bombarded that port on 22 March, this time so severely that she was forced to return to Japan for repairs. On 1904-08-10, Fuji fought at the Battle of the Yellow Sea. In the Battle of Tsushima on 1905-05-27 Fuji suffered 11 hits, but in return scored the fatal hit on the Russian battleship Borodino, causing that ship to explode with the loss of all but one of her crew of 830.[3]

After the Russo-Japanese War ended, Fuji refitted by having her fighting tops removed and new boilers installed. Fuji was part of the Japanese escort for the American Great White Fleet on the portion of its round-the-world voyage through Japanese waters. In 1910, her British-made main battery was replaced with Japanese-made guns, and she was de-rated to a first-class Coastal defence ship. The development of the Dreadnaught class battleships had made the Fuji obsolete, and she was assigned to training duties for gunners and seamen.

Far too obsolete for combat service in World War I, Fuji spent the entire war at Kure as a training vessel.

In 1922, Fuji was disarmed and stricken under the terms of the Washington Naval Treaty, but retained as an accommodation ship. Her propellers, main turrets, and all guns were removed, large wooden deckhouses were added to the superstructure, and flat drill platforms covered her main deck. Her hulk remained as a floating barracks and training center at Yokosuka, for over two decades.

From 1944, the old hulk was also used as a development center and observation post to test the effectiveness of various camouflage schemes on 1-meter long models of Japanese aircraft carriers. She suffered from American air raids, but remained afloat, and was broken up for scrap at Uraga Dock Company in 1948.


  • Andidora, Ronald (2000). Iron Admirals: Naval Leadership in the Twentieth Century. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-31266-4. 
  • Brown, D. K. (1999). Warrior to Dreadnought, Warship Development 1860-1906. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-84067-529-2. 
  • Evans, David (1979). Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press. ISBN 0870211927. 
  • Hoare, J.E. (1999). Britain and Japan, Biographical Portraits, Volume III. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 1873410891. 
  • Howarth, Stephen (1983). The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum. ISBN 0689114028. 
  • Jane, Fred T. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Thacker, Spink & Co (1904) ASIN: B00085LCZ4
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg (1976). Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press. ISBN 087021893X. 
  • Schencking, J. Charles (2005). Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, And The Emergence Of The Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922. Stanford University Press. ISBN 0804749779. 

External links


  1. Hoare, Britain and Japan, Biographical Portraits Volume III, pp 187
  2. Hoare, Britain and Japan, Biographical Portraits Volume III, pp 188
  3. Andidora, Iron Admirals: Naval Leadership in the Twentieth Century pp24

cs:Fudži (bitevní loď) it:Fuji (corazzata) he:פוג'י (אוניית מערכה) ja:富士 (戦艦) ru:Фудзи (броненосец) fi:Fuji (1896) zh:富士號戰艦