Jylland (ship)

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The Jylland in the museum dedicated to it, Ebeltoft, Denmark. Picture taken in 2005.
Career (Denmark) 45px
Name: Jylland
Builder: Naval Dock Yard, Copenhagen
Laid down: June 11, 1857
Launched: November 20, 1860
Commissioned: May 15, 1862
Decommissioned: 1908
Fate: Now preserved as a naval memorial at Ebeltoft, Denmark.
Notes: Designed by Dock Master O. F. Suenson
General characteristics
Class and type: screw-propelled steam frigate
Tons burthen: 2456 tons
Length: 71 m (233 ft)
Beam: 13.5 m (44 ft)
Draft: 6 m (20 ft)
Propulsion: 1,300 hp (970 kW) Baumgarten & Burmeister steam engine
1-shaft with a folding helix
Sail plan: square-rigged ship
Speed: 11 kn (20 km/h) on steam
12 kn (22 km/h) on sail
Complement: 405-437

As built:

  • 30 x 30-pounds 50 Cnt. Guns
  • 14 x 30-pounds 40 Cnt. Guns

In 1864:

  • 32 x 30-pounds guns
  • 8 x 18-pounds rifled guns
  • 4 x 12-pounds rifled guns


  • 20 x 6"" 50 Cnt. Muzzle Loading Guns
  • 6 x 5"" 28 Cnt. Breech Loading Guns
  • 6 x Revolver Guns
  • 1 x 37 mm Breech Loading Guns
  • 1 x Mitrailleuse

Jylland is the world's last screw-propelled steam frigate. During the Second War of Schleswig in 1864, it participated in the naval action against the Austrian-Prussian fleet in the Battle of Heligoland on 9 May 1864. Jylland along with the Niels Juel and Heimdall bested two Austrian frigates and 3 small Prussian gun boats, but were unable to maintain the blockade of the Prussian North Sea ports. Jylland sustained considerable damage during the battle.

In the 1890s the ship was reduced to stationary use and barely escaped scrapping in 1908. It was, however, decided to preserve her and she was towed to Ebeltoft in 1960. The hulked frigate further deteriorated until she was placed in dry dock in 1984. Restoration proved to be a major task; over 60% of the timber had to be replaced in addition to the rigging, armament, engines and loose gear.

In Danish, the ship is known as simply Fregatten Jylland, although several ships have used this name. The restoration efforts were completed in 1994 and the ship is currently on display in the town of Ebeltoft, Denmark. It is advertised as one of the world's largest wooden ships.[1]


Brouwer, Norman J. The International Register of Historic Ships. 3rd ed. London: Chatham Publishing, 1999.
Robert J Gardiner (ed.). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905. London: Conway Maritime Press, 1979.

External links

Coordinates: 56°11′57.04″N 10°40′25.72″E / 56.1991778°N 10.6738111°E / 56.1991778; 10.6738111

cs:Jylland (fregata) da:Fregatten Jylland de:Jylland (Fregatte) pl:Jylland (1862) fi:Jylland (sotalaiva)