MV Bloemfontein Castle

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Bloemfontein Castle as she appeared in 1959
Career (UK) Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Name: MV Bloemfontein Castle
Owner: Union-Castle Line (1950-1959)
Chandris Lines (1959-1979)
Karageorgis Lines (1979-1987)
Builder: Harland & Wolff, Belfast, Northern Ireland
Launched: 24 August 1949
Completed: 25 March 1950
In service: 19 September 1950
Renamed: Patris in 1959
Mediterranean Island in 1979
Mediterranean Star in 1981
Terra in 1988
Fate: Scrapped in 1989
General characteristics
Tonnage: 18,400 gross register tons (GRT)
10,750 long tons deadweight (DWT)
186,000 ft³ (5,270 m³) refrigerated
Length: 594 ft 6 in (181.20 m) (overall)
570 ft 7 in (173.91 m) (pp)
Beam: 76 ft 4 in (23.27 m)
Propulsion: Two B & W. two-stroke double acting marine diesels
Twin propeller.
Speed: 18.5 knots (34.3 km/h)
Capacity: 739 passengers (single class)

The MV Bloemfontein Castle was a passenger liner. She was launched at Harland & Wolff's yard at Belfast on 24 August, 1949 by Mrs Leif Egeland, wife of the High Commissioner for the Union of South Africa in London. She was completed on 25 March 1950. Built for Union-Castle Line's Intermediate service to South and East Africa, she was their first one-class ship. She took her name after the town of Bloemfontein, capital of the Orange Free State.

The Bloemfontein Castle was given the familiar Union-Castle profile of well-raked rounded stem, cruiser stern, a low streamlined funnel and a single mast abaft the bridge, giving a well-balanced appearance. There were two hatches forward and three aft, served by six 10-ton and four 5-ton capacity derricks. Cargo 'tweendeck spaces were insulated for the carriage of fruit, with certain compartments for chilled and frozen produce.

The Bloemfontein Castle was the first intermediate liner to be built since the war had ended, and the institution of a single class-tourist was an innovation for Union-Castle. She was built to cater for an expected emigrant boom and to alleviate the still considerable pressure at the time for accommodation at lower range fares. The main public rooms were on the promenade deck, a large lounge forward being extended the whole width of the ship so there were no passageways either side. Aft of this was a combined library and writing room, connected by a long gallery to a commodious smoking room. On the upper deck a dining room for 386 also extended the width of the ship. Accommodation for 739 passengers was spread through seven decks.

Some 250 of Union-Castle's staff were invited for the shakedown cruise made from London in March, 1950. She left London on her maiden voyage on 6 April 1950 - sailing the London - Rotterdam - Las Palmas - Ascension - St. Helena - Walvis Bay - Cape Town - Port Elizabeth - East London - Durban - Lourenço Marques - Beira route that she alone served. She sometimes called at Southampton homewards during the busy fruit season.

On 8 January 1953, Bloemfontein Castle rescued 234 passengers and crew from the Holland Afrika liner Klipfontein which was sinking after hitting a sunken German U-boat off Mozambique. Captain J. A. Fergurson and his senior officers later received commemorative gifts from the Holland Afrika Line.

When the expected flow of European emigrants to South Africa did not materialize, Bloemfontein Castle was sold to the Greek Chandris Lines in 1959, after a short life of only nine years with Union-Castle.

Renamed Patris and refitted in just three weeks for Chandris' service between Europe and Australia, the ship was the first large liner in the Chandris fleet. In 1979 Chandris sold Patris to Karageorgis Lines, who first renamed her Mediterranean Island then Mediterranean Star in 1981. She was refitted and used as a ferry until sold to Pakistan breakers in 1987.