SS Alaska (1881)

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File:Guion Alaska.jpg
Guion's Alaska of 1881
Career Civil Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg
Name: SS Alaska
Operator: Guion Line
Builder: John Elder & Company, in Govan, Scotland
Launched: 15 July 1881
Fate: Broken up 1902
Notes: Renamed Magallanes in 1897
General characteristics
Class and type: Steam passenger ship
Tonnage: 6,932 gross register tons (GRT)
Length: 520 ft (160 m)
Beam: 50 ft (15 m)
Propulsion: Single screw - 16 knots

The Alaska was a record breaking British passenger liner that won the Blue Riband for the Guion Line as the fastest liner on the Atlantic in 1882. She was a slightly larger and faster edition of Guion's Arizona and in 1883 became the first liner to make the crossing to New York in under a week. However, Alaska burned 250 tons of coal per day, as compared to Arizona's already high 135 tons. Built by John Elder & Company of Glasgow, she carried 350 first class passengers and 1,000 steerage.[1] As in the case of Arizona, Stephen Guion also personally owned Alaska.[2]

Alaska completed 100 voyages when Guion suspended sailings in 1894.[1] She proved difficult to sell and was finally chartered in 1897 by Cia. Transatlanticia Espanola as a troop transport. In 1899, Alaska was sold for scrap, but was resold to the Barrow shipyard where she was used as an accommodiation hulk until broken up in 1902.[3]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Gibbs, Charles Robert Vernon (1957). Passenger Liners of the Western Ocean: A Record of Atlantic Steam and Motor Passenger Vessels from 1838 to the Present Day. John De Graff. pp. 205–206. 
  2. New York Times (December 20, 1885). Obituary: Stephen Baker Guion. 
  3. Kludas, Arnold (1999). Record breakers of the North Atlantic, Blue Riband Liners 1838-1953. London: Chatham. 
Preceded by
Holder of the Blue Riband (Westbound)
1882 – 1884
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Atlantic Eastbound Record
1882 – 1884
Succeeded by

de:Alaska (1881) ja:アラスカ (客船)