SS Cyprus was a lake freighter that sank during a gale storm on Lake Superior on 11 October 1907. The ship went down in 460 feet (140 m) of water at Coordinates: , in United States waters about 8 miles (7 nm; 13 km) north of Deer Park in Luce County, Michigan. All but one of the 23 members of the crew perished.
The ship and its sinking
The Cyprus was built in Lorain, Ohio and launched 17 August 1907. She was a 420-foot-long (128 m), 15,000 ton (13,608 tonne) steel-hulled steamer. She was owned by Pickands-Mather, and based out of Fairport, Ohio, northeast of Cleveland, on Lake Erie. A marine trade publication described Cyprus as a very seaworthy vessel in an article published after her sinking.
On only her second voyage, Cyprus was hauling iron ore from Superior, Wisconsin to Buffalo, New York when a moderate gale arose off Deer Park. The gale, according to contemporary accounts, was reported as nothing that Cyprus couldn't have handled. According to Second Mate Charles G. Pitz — the sole survivor — Cyprus had been pounded by northwesterly waves all afternoon which caused an increasing list to port. At around 7:45 p.m. the ship lurched to port and capsized. Pitz and three others, which included Captain F. B. Huyck (according to some accounts) secured themselves on a raft. By 2:00 a.m. the raft and its occupants were within 300 feet (91 m) of shore when breaking waves flipped the raft, and all but Pitz drowned in the surf. Pitz unwittingly staggered ashore, just a half-mile east of the Deer Park Life-Saving Station. All the bodies but two were eventually recovered.
It was never clear what caused the ship to list in the first place. Another steamer, George Stephenson out of Pittsburgh, had passed Cyprus that afternoon and had noted that Cyprus was trailing a red wake, indicating that water was mixing with iron ore dust in its cargo hold before being pumped out. Speculation on the source of the leak has centered on the type of Mulholland sliding hatch cover the nearly new ship had been outfitted with. With a steel on steel seal, this type of hatch was prone to allowing water past unless special tarpaulins were fitted on the hatches. It was not clear if Huyck had ordered these tarpaulins deployed or not.
Some alternate theories propose that the engine or rudder failed, leaving Cyprus without the maneuverability needed to avoid wave troughs where ships are most vulnerable to rolling, or propose that labor unrest in Lorain during Cyprus’ construction may have contributed to other, as yet undiscovered flaws.
The vessel was a $280,000 loss.
In early August 2007 members of the Great Lakes Shipwreck Historical Society were using side-scan sonar to search for wrecks off Deer Park when they detected a large object on the bottom of Lake Superior. According to their best guess, it was the SS D.M. Clemson, which sank in that area with all hands on 1 December 1908. A follow-up visit to the vessel with a submersible ROV was made on 18 August 2007. Attempts to identify the vessel as D.M. Clemson were frustrated when the ship’s name was not on the bow in the place where searchers expected to find it. They then sent the ROV to the stern where they made the startling discovery that it was, in fact, the Cyprus they had located. The Shipwreck Society had previously believed that Cyprus was some ten miles (16 km) north of where it was found.
The Cyprus was discovered lying on her port side in about 460 feet of water. Her hull is mostly intact, which is surprising considering the rather violent manner in which she foundered. Wreckage consisting of wall panelings, doors, railings, pipes, and her cargo of iron ore are scattered about the bottom up to 270 feet away from the wreck.
The Shipwreck Society has plans to return to the wreck in the future for forensic research in order to answer some of the lingering questions relating to the sinking of Cyprus.
- Flesher, John (2007-09-10). "Century Old Shipwreck Found in Superior". Google News. http://ap.google.com/article/ALeqM5gZL4PI5_oL8It6nHod5rT52zfkcQ. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- "Nineteen bodies recovered" (pdf). The New York Times. 1907-10-13. http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?_r=1&res=9C07E4D81F30E233A25757C1A9669D946697D6CF&oref=slogin. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- ""It's All Off Now!" - Loss of the Cyprus". Shipwreck Society News. 2001-03-03. http://www.shipwreckmuseum.com/stories.phtml?artid=48. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- Shipwreck Society News (2007-09-10). "Shipwreck Society Locates Wreck of the Cyprus". Press release. http://www.shipwreckmuseum.com/press.phtml. Retrieved 2007-09-14.
- Photo of the stern of Cyprus wreck in Lake Superior.