USS Brooklyn (CA-3)
|USS Brooklyn (CA-3)|
USS Brooklyn (CA-3)
|Namesake:||City/Borough of Brooklyn, New York|
|Laid down:||2 August 1893|
|Launched:||2 October 1895|
|Commissioned:||1 December 1896|
|Decommissioned:||9 March 1921|
|Length:||402.6 ft (122.7 m)|
|Beam:||64.7 ft (19.7 m)|
|Draft:||28 ft (8.5 m)|
|Speed:||20 kn (23 mph; 37 km/h)|
|Complement:||561 officers and men|
|Armament:||8 × 8 in (200 mm)/35 cal guns, 12 × 5 in (130 mm)/40 cal guns, 5 × 18 in (460 mm) torpedo tubes|
She was launched on 2 October 1895 by William Cramp and Sons Ship and Engine Building Company of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; sponsored by Miss Ida May Schieren; and commissioned on 1 December 1896, Captain Francis Augustus Cook in command.
Brooklyn's first assignment was a special cruise to Britain with representatives of the United States for the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria. The cruiser returned to the east coast in July 1897 and cruised there and in the West Indies until becoming flagship of the Flying Squadron under Commodore W. S. Schley on 28 March 1898.
During the Spanish-American War, the Flying Squadron arrived at Cienfuegos, Cuba on 21 May and established the blockade of that port. On 26 May, the Squadron arrived at Santiago de Cuba, where the Spanish Fleet was being held behind the protection of the forts. Brooklyn was a key vessel in the Battle of Santiago de Cuba on 3 July, in which the Spanish Fleet was destroyed. Although she was struck 20 times by whole shot, Brooklyn suffered only one man wounded (Fireman J. Bevins) and one man killed (Chief Yeoman George H. Ellis).
Brooklyn returned to Tompkinsville, New York on 20 August; cruised along the Atlantic coast and in Caribbean waters; participated in the Spanish-American War Victory Celebration at New York on 5 October; and in the Dewey Celebration at New York in September 1899. She left Hampton Roads on 16 October and sailed via the Suez Canal to Manila, Philippine Islands, where she arrived on 16 December. She became flagship of the Asiatic Squadron and participated in the China Relief Expedition (8 July–11 October 1900. She made a cruise to the Dutch East Indies, Australia and New Zealand from 10 April to 7 August 1901; the last stage was to Melbourne, Auckland, Wellington and Sydney.
She remained with the Asiatic Squadron until 1 March 1902, when she sailed for the United States via the Suez Canal and arrived at New York Navy Yard on 1 May.
On 20 May 1902, Brooklyn was at Havana, Cuba for the ceremonies to transfer the authority on that Island from the United States Government to the Cuban Government. During June and July she was on special duty in connection with the obsequies of the late British Ambassador to the United States, Lord Pauncefote. During the next four years she cruised with the North Atlantic Fleet and the European Squadron, returning to New York on 26 May 1905. On 7 June, as flagship of Rear Admiral Charles Dwight Sigsbee, she sailed for Cherbourg, France, where the remains of the late John Paul Jones were received aboard and brought to America. Upon arrival at Annapolis, Commodore Jones' remains were transferred ashore to a receiving vault at the United States Naval Academy with appropriate ceremonies on 23 July.
On 16 May 1906, following a naval militia cruise — from 3 August–23 August 1905 — and a tour in the Mediterranean, — from 28 December 1905-8 May 1906 — Brooklyn went into reserve at League Island Navy Yard. Except for a short period — from 30 June–2 August 1906 — in commission for special service at Havana, Cuba, she remained in reserve until the spring of 1907. From 12 April–4 December 1907, Brooklyn served as part of the permanent display at the Jamestown Exposition, Jamestown, Virginia. Following her return to Philadelphia, Brooklyn went into reserve on 21 December.
Placed out of commission on 23 June 1908, she was commissioned in ordinary on 2 March 1914. She was assigned to the Atlantic Reserve Fleet and served as receiving ship at Boston Navy Yard from 24 July 1914-13 March 1916. She was placed in full commission at Philadelphia on 9 May 1915 and served on Neutrality Patrol around Boston Harbor until November, when she sailed to the Asiatic Station to serve as flagship for the Commander-in-Chief. She attended to regular military and diplomatic duties in China, Japan, and Russia until September 1919, when she became the flagship of Commander, Division 1, Asiatic Fleet. In January 1920, she was assigned to the Pacific Fleet as flagship of Commander, Destroyer Squadrons, and remained there until 15 January 1921. Brooklyn was placed out of commission at Mare Island Navy Yard on 9 March and sold on 20 December.
- Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships
- Alden, John D. American Steel Navy: A Photographic History of the U.S. Navy from the Introduction of the Steel Hull in 1883 to the Cruise of the Great White Fleet (1989) Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, ISBN 0870212486
- Friedman, Norman U.S. Cruisers: An Illustrated Design History (1984) Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, ISBN 0870217186
- Musicant, Ivan U.S. Armored Cruisers: A Design and Operational History (1985) Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press ISBN 0870217143
- Taylor, Michael J.H. (1990). Jane's Fighting Ships of World War I. Studio. ISBN 1-85170-378-0.