USS Camanche (1864)

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USS Camanche off Mare Island, during the Spanish-American War
Career United States Navy Jack
Name: USS Camache
Builder: Donohue, Ryan & Secor
Launched: 14 November 1864
Commissioned: May 1865
Decommissioned: 1898
Fate: sold, 22 March 1899
General characteristics
Class and type: Passaic-class ironclad monitor
Displacement: 1,335 long tons (1,356 t)
Length: 200 ft (61 m) overall
Beam: 46 ft (14 m)
Draft: 11 ft 6 in (3.51 m)
Installed power: 320 ihp (240 kW)
Propulsion: 1 × Ericsson vibrating lever engine
2 × Martin boilers
1 × shaft
Speed:kn (8.1 mph; 13 km/h)
Complement: 76
Armament: 2 × 15 in (380 mm) Dahlgren guns
  • Side: 3–5 in (7.6–13 cm)
  • Turret: 11 in (28 cm)
  • Pilothouse: 8 in (20 cm)
  • Deck: 1 in (2.5 cm)
Notes: Armor is iron.

USS Camanche — a 1,335 long tons (1,356 t) Passaic-class monitor — was prefabricated at Jersey City, N.J. by Secor Brothers, Co. Her materials were then disassembled and shipped around Cape Horn in the sailing ship Aquila to San Francisco, Calif., where Aquila sank on 14 November 1863. The monitor's parts were salvaged and assembled at San Francisco and she was launched on 14 November 1864. Camanche went into commission for the United States Navy in May 1865, Lieutenant Commander C.J. McDougal in command.

Commissioned just after the end of the Civil War, for more than a year — until the arrival of the larger twin-turret monitor MonadnockCamanche was the only U.S. ironclad on the Pacific coast, and she was one of but two stationed there for nearly 25 years.

Camanche's career was a quiet one, with the ship generally maintained in decommissioned status at the Mare Island Navy Yard, in northern San Francisco Bay. She was the California Naval Militia's training ship in 1896–97 and appears to have been reactivated for a few months in 1898, during the Spanish-American War for coastal defense purposes. Camanche was sold on 22 March 1899, but photographic evidence indicates that she remained in the San Francisco area for several years after that.

Other Images

File:USS Camanche (1864).jpg
USS Camanche c. 1866.
File:Monitor monterrey.jpg
USS Monterey at Mare Island Naval Shipyard, circa 1896. Camanche is visible in the background.
File:Uss Albatross 1882.jpg
USS Albatross in San Francisco Bay, circa 1902. Camanche is visible in the background.


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