USS General C. H. Muir (AP-142)

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File:USS General C. H. Muir (AP-142).jpg
Career (U.S.) 100x35px
Namesake: Charles Henry Muir
Builder: Kaiser Co., Inc.
Richmond, California
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 24 November 1944
Acquired: 12 April 1945
Commissioned: 12 April 1945
Decommissioned: 18 June 1946
In service: 18 June 1946 (Army)[1]
1 March 1950 (MSTS)
Out of service: 1 March 1950 (Army)
7 February 1955 (MSTS)
Renamed: SS Chicago, 1969[1]
SS San Juan, 1975[1]
Reclassified: T-AP-142, 1 March 1950
Fate: scrapped[2] after 1985[1]
General characteristics
Class and type: General G. O. Squier-class transport ship
Displacement: 9,950 tons (light), 17,250 tons (full)
Length: 522 ft 10 in (159.36 m)
Beam: 71 ft 6 in (21.79 m)
Draft: Template:General G. O. Squier class draft I
Propulsion: single-screw steam turbine with 9,900 shp (7,400 kW)
Speed: 17 knots (31.5 km/h)
Capacity: 3,823 troops
Complement: 356 (officers and enlisted)
Armament: Template:General G. O. Squier class armament II

USS General C. H. Muir (AP-142) was a General G. O. Squier-class transport ship for the U.S. Navy in World War II. The ship was crewed by the U.S. Coast Guard until decommissioning.[3] She was named in honor of U.S. Army general Charles Henry Muir. She was transferred to the U.S. Army as USAT General C. H. Muir in 1946. On 1 March 1950 she was transferred to the Military Sea Transportation Service (MSTS) as USNS General C. H. Muir (T-AP-142). She was later sold for commercial operation under the names SS Chicago and SS San Juan, and was scrapped[2] some time after 1985.[1]

Operational history

General C. H. Muir (AP-142) was launched 24 November 1944 under Maritime Commission contract (MC #709) by Kaiser Co., Inc., Yard 3, Richmond, California; sponsored by Mrs. John H. Deasy; acquired and commissioned 12 April 1945 at Portland, Captain J. D. Conway in command.

Following shakedown off San Diego, General C. H. Muir departed 13 May from San Francisco for her first troop-carrying voyage to the war zones of the Pacific. The ship brought troops to Pearl Harbor, Eniwetok, Ulithi, and Leyte; served briefly as a receiving ship in the Philippines; and returned to New York via the Panama Canal 14 August 1945. The long Pacific war over, General C. H. Muir sailed 3 September to pick up returning veterans at Mediterranean and Indian Ocean ports. She arrived New York 1 November, and then, retracing her steps to bring home another full contingent of troops, she finally returned New York 9 January 1946. The ship made three subsequent voyages, one to New Orleans and two to Europe, before decommissioning at Baltimore 18 June 1946. She was returned to the Maritime Commission on that day and turned over to the Army Transportation Service.

Reacquired by the Navy 1 March 1950, General C. H. Muir began operations under MSTS and was re-designated T-AP-142.

On 16 March 1950 USNS General C. H. Muir arrived in Sydney with 1,278 displaced persons from Europe. This voyage was one of almost 150 "Fifth Fleet" voyages by some 40 ships bringing refugees of World War II to Australia. General C. H. Muir made one more such trip herself, arriving in Melbourne with 1,280 refugees on 26 October 1950.[4]

In addition to runs to Australia, the transport supported American forces in Europe, and on eastward crossings of the Atlantic brought back to the United States thousands of refugees under the International Refugee Organization.

In late 1952 the ship sailed from New York through the Mediterranean and thence through the Suez Canal bringing reinforcements to U.N. troops fighting in Korea. She made another long rotation voyage, stopping at many European and Asian ports before being placed in Reduced Operational Status at New York 30 September 1953. In August 1954 General C. H. Muir steamed through the Panama Canal to San Francisco and sailed once more to Korea with replacement troops. Upon her return the ship was placed in the Pacific Reserve Fleet at San Diego, 7 February 1955. She was returned to the Maritime Administration in 1960. She entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet 30 June, and was berthed at Suisun Bay, California until 1968.[1]

At that time, the ship was sold to Sea-Land Service of Wilmington, Delaware. Sea Land had Todd Shipyard, Galveston convert her to an 18,455-gross ton container ship. Named SS Chicago when she entered service in 1969, she was sold in 1975 to the Puerto Rico Maritime Shipping Authority of San Juan, Puerto Rico who renamed her SS San Juan.[1]

The veteran ship operated through 1985,[1] and was scrapped some time after that.[2]

General C. H. Muir received two battle stars for Korean War service.


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