USS Hendrick Hudson (1859)

From SpottingWorld, the Hub for the SpottingWorld network...
USS Hendrick Hudson
Hendrick Hudson
Career (US) Confederate Navy Jack Union Navy Jack
Ordered: as Florida
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 1859
Acquired: 20 September 1862
Commissioned: 30 December 1862
Decommissioned: 8 August 1865
Captured: by Union Navy forces
6 April 1862
Fate: sold, 12 September 1865
General characteristics
Displacement: 460 tons
Length: 171 ft (52 m)
Beam: 29 ft 11 in (9.12 m)
Draught: depth of hold 9' 6"
Propulsion: steam engine
with sail assist
Speed: 11 knots
Complement: not known
Armament: four 8” guns
two 20-pounder cannon

USS Hendrick Hudson (1859) was a schooner-rigged screw steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Navy as a gunboat in support of the Union blockade of the ports of the Confederate States of America.

Service in the Confederate Navy

Hendrick Hudson was built as Florida in 1859 at Greenpoint, New York. She was taken into the Confederate States Navy in 1862 as CSS Florida.

Hendrick Hudson captured by USS Pursuit

Hendrick Hudson was captured by USS Pursuit while attempting to run the blockade at St. Andrews Bay, Florida on April 6, 1862. She was taken to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania for adjudication, where she was condemned and purchased by the United States Department of the Navy from the prize court on September 20, 1862. Renamed Hendrick Hudson, she commissioned December 30, 1862 at Philadelphia, Acting Master John E. Giddings commanding.

Assigned to the East Gulf Blockade

Assigned to the East Gulf Blockading Squadron, Hendrick Hudson sailed to Hampton Roads, Virginia, arriving January 3, 1863, and from there proceeded to her blockading station off East Pass, St. George's Sound, Florida. On station February 1, Hendrick Hudson began her long months of arduous blockade duty, working to shut off commerce through the multitude of small inlets and passes of the Florida coast.

Capturing blockade runners

She remained off St. George's Sound until late August 1863, capturing schooner Margaret on February 1 and schooner Teresa on April 16. She then retired to Boston, Massachusetts for repairs and refitting, returning to a new station off the mouth of the Suwannee River on December 28.

Resuming her blockading duties, Hendrick Hudson encountered a small schooner off Key West, Florida on March 21, 1864 and stood toward her. The blockade runner, Wild Pigeon, suddenly turned across Hendrick Hudson's bow, however, and was inadvertently rammed and sunk. None of her assorted cargo could be recovered.

Shore party engages Confederate soldiers

The steamer continued her blockading duties through 1864, spending much of her time in busy Tampa Bay and St. Marks, Florida. A group of her men went ashore on an expedition on November 12 and engaged some Confederate soldiers briefly, in one of the many forays ashore by personnel of the East Gulf Squadron.

Expedition in support of Union Army troops

Hendrick Hudson participated February 27 to March 7, 1865 in an expedition with Union Army units in the vicinity of St. Marks, Florida. The steamer helped blockade the river and some of her crew went ashore with the Army in an attempt to capture Confederate positions.

Post-war decommissioning and subsequent career

Following the end of the U.S. Civil War, Hendrick Hudson was not retained in the squadron, and was ordered north July 15, 1865. She decommissioned August 8, 1865 at Philadelphia and was sold on September 12. The ship was subsequently redocumented SS Hendrick Hudson and operated in commercial service until she was lost near Havana, Cuba on November 13, 1867.


This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

See also

External links