USS Maartensdijk (ID-2497)

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Maartensdijk (Dutch Cargo Ship, 1902) photographed prior to her U.S. Navy service.
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Name: USS Maartensdijk
Namesake: A merchant name retained
Owner: Holland-American Line, Rotterdam, Netherlands
Builder: Furness Withy and Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool, Great Britain
Laid down: date unknown
Christened: as Rapallo
Completed: in 1902
Acquired: by the Navy 21 March 1918
Commissioned: 28 March 1918 as USS Maartensdijk (ID # 2497)
Decommissioned: 25 February 1919
Struck: February 1919
Captured: seized by U.S. Customs at New York City 20 March 1918
Fate: transferred to the U.S. Shipping Board 25 February 1919; then returned to her owner, Holland American Line
General characteristics
Type: Freighter
Displacement: 13,000 tons
Length: 400' 6"
Beam: 52' 1"
Draft: 28' 6"
Speed: 11 knots
Complement: 113 officers and enlisted
Armament: One 6-inch gun
One 3-inch gun

USS Maartensdijk (ID-2497) was a freighter seized by U.S. Customs when the United States declared war against Germany in World War I. Maartensdijk – a Dutch-owned vessel -- was used by the Navy to transport military cargo across the Atlantic Ocean in support of Allied troops in Europe.

Seized by U.S. Customs

Maartensdijk, a steel cargo steamer, was built as Rapallo by Furness Withy & Co., Ltd., West Hartlepool, England, in 1902. Prior to World War I, she sailed the Atlantic sealanes and in 1918 was owned by Holland-American Line, Rotterdam, Netherlands. Maartensdijk was seized by U.S. Customs at New York City 20 March 1918; turned over to the Navy 21 March; and commissioned 28 March for duty with NOTS.

World War I service

After loading Army cargo, Maartensdijk departed in convoy for European waters 10 April. Steaming via Halifax, Nova Scotia, she reached St. Nazaire, France, 14 May, discharged her cargo, and sailed for the United States 15 June. During the closing months of World War I she made two more cargo runs out of New York and Boston, Massachusetts, to French ports.

Post-war service

She returned to New York City 2 days after the signing of the Armistice. Sailing from Boston 12 December, she carried additional cargo to French ports and returned Army supplies to the United States. In all, she transported more than 27,000 tons of supplies during her four cargo runs to France.

Post-war decommissioning

Maartensdijk returned to New York City 9 February 1919. She decommissioned there 25 February 1919; transferred to the U.S. Shipping Board the same day; and subsequently was returned to her owner, Holland American Line.

See also