USS Mobile (1854)

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Career (US) 100x35px
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 1854
Commissioned: 8 May 1862
Decommissioned: 1865
Struck: 1865 (est.)
Captured: by Union Navy forces
25 April 1862
Fate: sold, 30 March 1865
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,275 tons
Length: 210 ft (64 m)
Beam: 33 ft (10 m)
Draught: 16 ft 6 in (5.03 m)
Propulsion: steam engine
side wheel-propelled
Speed: not known
Complement: not known
Armament: two 32-pounder guns
one 30-pounder Parrott rifle
one 12-pounder gun

USS Mobile (1854) was a steamer captured by the Union Navy during the American Civil War. She was used by the Union Navy as part of blockade forces to prevent Confederate forces from trading with other countries.

Mobile, a side wheel steamer built as Tennessee at Baltimore, Maryland, in 1854 for Charles Morgan’s Texas Line, was seized by Maj. Gen. M. Lovell, CSA, at New Orleans, Louisiana, 15 January 1862, and put into service as a Confederate government operated blockade runner; captured by U.S. forces at New Orleans 25 April 1862; and commissioned as Tennessee 8 May 1862, Acting Master John D. Childs in command.

Assigned to the West Gulf Blockade

Assigned to the West Gulf Blockading Squadron, she took part in the capture of Port Hudson, Louisiana, 9 July 1863, and of Fort Morgan, and Fort Gaines in August 1864. Able to vie in speed with the faster blockade runners, she captured or assisted in the capture of seven Confederate vessels: Alabama, Friendship, and Jane in 1863, and Allison, Annie Verden, Louisia, and Emily in 1864. Her speed also brought numerous assignments as a dispatch boat for the squadron, taking her from Pensacola, Florida, to gulf coast points as far away as the mouth of the Rio Grande River.

Sent to New York City for repairs

On 1 September 1864, following the capture of ironclad CSS Tennessee and her commissioning as a ship of the U.S. Navy, the side wheeler steamer was renamed Mobile. Heavily damaged soon after in a gale off the Rio Grande, Mobile was sent to New York City for repairs.

End-of-war decommissioning, sale, and civilian career

She was sold to Russell Sturgis 30 March 1865. Redocumented as Republic 12 May 1865, she foundered at sea off Savannah, Georgia, 25 October 1865.


This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

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