USS Van Buren (1839)

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Name: USS Van Buren
Namesake: Martin Van Buren
Ordered: June 26, 1839
Commissioned: December 2, 1839
Decommissioned: June 1, 1847
Fate: Sold for $1,200 on June 1, 1847
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Schooner
Tonnage: 112
Length: 73 ft 4 in (22.35 m)
Beam: 20 ft 2 in (6.15 m)
Depth of hold: 7 ft 4 in (2.24 m)
Armament: 4 12-pounder guns

USS Van Buren was a schooner that served as part of the United States Revenue Cutter Service.[1] The ship was named after Martin Van Buren, the eighth President of the United States.[1] The ship was commissioned and set sail on December 2, 1839, and served a regular tour of duty with the Revenue Service. During the Second Seminole War, the ship was transferred to the United States Navy, and served as a support ship to troops along the coasts of Florida's rivers.

After being transferred back to the control of the Secretary of the Treasury, the Van Buren began to sail out of its homeport of Charleston, South Carolina. Still under the command of the Revenue Cutter Service, the ship participated in the Mexican-American War, first in the Gulf of Mexico, and later as a member of a squadron under the command of Captain John A. Webster. With the squadron, the Van Buren aided in a blockade off the coast of Veracruz. On October 4, 1846, the ship's crew had the Van Buren declared unseaworthy. It was decommissioned, and then sold for $1,200 on June 1, 1847.


United States Revenue Cutter Service

The ship's construction was approved on June 26, 1839; she was laid out in 1839 in Baltimore, Maryland,[2] and reported fully constructed and ready for sailing on November 29 of the same year. The ship was commissioned a few days later, and entered the service of the Revenue Cutter Service on December 2, 1839. The ship performed the regular duties of ships in the Revenue Cutter Service between 1839 and 1840, but few records exist about its specific activities during this period. The commander of the vessel during at this time was First Lieutenant John McGowan of the United States Revenue Marines.[1]

Second Seminole War

When the Second Seminole War began in 1835, the Secretary of the Navy Mahlon Dickerson wrote Thomas Ewing, the United States Secretary of the Treasury at the time for command over a number of Revenue Cutter Vessels; the Van Buren was among them. The vessel became part of the Mosquito Fleet of Lieutenant Thomas T. McLaughlin. The ship served as a river vessel, mainly supporting the United States Army forces battling the Seminole on land.[1]

Mexican–American War

After a year in the war, the Van Buren anchored in Norfolk, Virginia, on July 23, 1842, where it reentered the Revenue Cutter Service. It was formally transferred back on August 18, 1842. The Van Buren operated out of the port of Charleston, South Carolina for three years, undergoing repairs once at Baltimore, Maryland from May through June 1844.[3] Following the outbreak of the Mexican–American War in 1846, Robert J. Walker, Secretary of the Treasury, ordered the Van Buren to the Gulf of Mexico. Under the command of Captain Thomas C. Rudolph of the United States Revenue Marines, the vessel sailed with three months' worth of ammunition and supplies to report to the Customs Collector of the Port of New Orleans; however, on its way to the port, the lightning struck the royal mast, forcing the ship back to Charleston. On June 2, 1846, the ship set sail again.[1]

On July 30, 1846, the Van Buren set to harbor in Belize, where it joined the United States Revenue Marines squadron of Captain John A. Webster and aided in a blockade of Mexicos eastern coast. The Van Buren in particular was stationed off the coast of Veracruz. On October 4, the Van Buren was declared unseaworthy, and ordered to New York on November 11, 1846. She was decommissioned and sold on June 1, 1847 for $1,200.[2]


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 "Van Buren". Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships. Washington, D.C.: Naval History & Heritage Command. 2010. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Van Buren, 1839". U.S. Coast Guard Cutter History. United States Coast Guard. 5 August 2008. Retrieved 20 March 2010. 
  3. Paul, James (1951). Rift in the Democracy. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. pp. 107.