British Peer (ship)

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Career (UK) British Merchant Navy Ensign
Operator: British Shipowners Company
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Belfast, Ireland
Christened: British Peer
Acquired: 1883, Nourse Line
Fate: Wrecked, 8 December 1896 at Saldanha Bay; 4 survivors
General characteristics
Class and type: Barque
Displacement: 1428 tons
Length: 247.5 feet (75 m)
Lengthened by 32 feet (9.8 m) in 1878
Beam: 36.4 feet (11 m)
Draught: 22.5 feet (7 m)
Propulsion: Sail
Crew: 22
Notes: Iron hull

The British Peer was a 1428-ton, 247.5 feet (75.4 m) long, 36.4 feet (11.1 m) wide and 22.5 feet (6.9 m) deep, three-masted iron sailing ship, built at the Harland and Wolff yards in Belfast, Ireland, in 1865 for the British Shipowners Company. In 1883 she was bought by the Nourse Line. Originally she was the fastest vessel in fleet until the British Ambassador was commissioned.[1] Alterations to increase her tonnage by lengthening her hull by 32 feet (9.8 m) in 1878 completely spoiled her sailing powers however as she was never as fast again. Excluding her master she carried a crew of 22.

The British Peer, like other Nourse Line ships, was involved in the indentured labour trade. On 23 April 1892, she carried 527 Indian indentured labourers to Fiji. Two months late, on 11 June 1892, she arrived in Suriname with Indian indentured labourers. She also repatriated 450 Indians who had completed their indenture from St Lucia to India in September 1894.

The British Peer had first visited South Africa in 1886 while on a voyage carrying indentured labourers. In November 1894 she again stopped in at the Cape of Good Hope, carrying a cargo of salt and 471 Indian indentured labourers. On 8 December 1896, she struck a reef in Saldanha Bay, South Africa and was destroyed with only four survivors. A Court of Enquiry, on 7 January 1897, found that “the loss of the ship was occasioned by reckless navigation on the part of the master”.[2] The wreck of the British Peer itself still lies in about 9 metres (30 ft) of water in Saldanha Bay.

See also


External links


Lubbock, Basil (1981). Coolie ships and oil sailors. Brown, Son & Ferguson. ISBN 0-85174-111-8. 

Coordinates: 33°30.4′S 18°18.70′E / 33.5067°S 18.3117°E / -33.5067; 18.3117 (British Peer)

hif:British Peer (jahaaj)