HMS Sabrina (1806)
Volcano in the Sea, as seen from His Majesty's Ship Sabrina, off the Azores, June 19th, 1811, by Lt John William Miles
|Ordered:||12 July 1805|
|Builder:||Robert Adams, Chapel, Southampton|
|Laid down:||December 1805|
|Launched:||1 September 1806|
|Completed:||30 November 1806 at Portsmouth Dockyard|
|Out of service:||Sold 18 April 1816|
|Class and type:||18-gun Cormorant-class sloop|
|Tons burthen:||426 42/94 bm|
108 ft 3 in (33.0 m) (overall)|
90 ft 7 in (27.6 m) (keel)
|Beam:||29 ft 9 in (9.1 m)|
|Depth of hold:||9 ft 0.5 in (2.76 m)|
The Cormorant class was designed by Sir William Rule and Sir John Henslow as 16-gun ship-sloops. The first batch, ordered in 1793 was armed with 6-pounder long guns, but Sabrina was one of the second batch ordered in 1805, and carried 32-pounder carronades instead. In 1810 she was reclassed as a 20-gun sixth rate ship, and again re-rated as 24 guns in 1816, just before she was broken up. Under the rating system of the day her number of guns could be largely nominal (in this case the number of long guns she would have carried had she been so-armed); the re-rating included her carronades in the total and did not involve any actual change to her armament. She was of 426 tons (Builder's Old Measurement) and carried a crew of 121 men.
In 1807 under the command of Commander E Kittoe she served in the Mediterranean, and in 1808, under the same captain, in South America.
During June and July of 1811 a volcanic eruption in the sea formed a new island off São Miguel Island. Captain Tillard of Sabrina went ashore on 4 July and claimed the island for Great Britain, naming it Sabrina Island. After considerable diplomatic wrangling the island subsided into the sea a few months later.
Spain and Portugal
Sabrina was sold on 18 April 1816 at Portsmouth.
- British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1793-1817, Rif Winfield, Seaforth Publishing, 2007. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.
- "HMS Sabrina at the Age of Nelson website". http://www.ageofnelson.org/MichaelPhillips/info.php?ref=1938. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
- "Geology of the Azores at EWP.net". http://www.ewpnet.com/azores/geology.htm. Retrieved 2009-08-15.
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