SS Britannic (1874)
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|Owner:||White Star Line|
|Port of registry:|
|Builder:||Harland & Wolff, Belfast, Ireland|
|Laid down:||February 3, 1874|
|Maiden voyage:||June 25, 1874|
|Blue Riband winner|
|Fate:||Sold, scrapped 1903|
|Type:||Steamship, Twin funnel|
|Length:||468 feet (142.65 m)|
|Depth:||45 feet (13.72 m)|
|Sail plan:||4 masts|
|Speed:||15 knots (28 km/h)|
Britannic was a steamship equipped with sails. It was initially to be called Hellenic, but, just prior to her launch, her name was changed to Britannic. Its twin was Germanic. Britannic sailed for nearly thirty years, primarily carrying immigrant passengers on the highly trafficked Liverpool to New York route. In 1876 it received the Blue Riband, both westbound and eastbound, by averaging almost 16 knots (30 km/h).
SS Celtic collision
On 19 May 1887, at about 5:25 in the afternoon the White Star liner, SS Celtic collided with Britannic in thick fog about 350 miles (560 km) east of Sandy Hook, New Jersey. Celtic, with 870 passengers, had been steaming westbound for New York City, while Britannic, carrying 450 passengers, was on the second day of her eastward journey to Liverpool. The two ships collided at almost right angles, with Celtic burying her prow 10 feet (3 m) in the aft port side of Britannic. Celtic rebounded and hit two more times, before sliding past behind Britannic.
Six steerage passengers were killed outright on board Britannic, and another six were later found to be missing, having been washed overboard. There were no deaths on board Celtic. Both ships were badly damaged, but Britannic more so, having a large hole below her waterline. Fearing that she would founder, the passengers on board began to panic and rushed the lifeboats. Britannic's captain, pistol in hand, was able to restore some semblance of order, and the boats were filled with women and children, although a few men forced their way on board. After the lifeboats had launched, it was realized that Britannic would be able to stay afloat, and the lifeboats within hailing distance were recalled. The rest made their way over to Celtic. The two ships remained together through the night, and the next morning were joined by the Wilson Line's Marengo and British Queen of the Inman Line, and the four slowly made their way into New York Harbor.
Britannic and Germanic 2x4 carte de visite, circa 1870.
Deck plan of the Britannic and Germanic Verso of the above carte de visite.
- SS Britannic.jpg
Britannic between 1890-1903
- History of the Britannic
- reprint of an article from Illustrated London News, May 28, 1887 of the collision
- S/S Britannic (1), White Star Line
City of Berlin
|Holder of the Blue Riband (westbound)
1876 – 1877
|Atlantic Eastbound Record
1876 – 1879