Chinese cruiser Chaoyong

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Chinese cruiser Chaoyong
Chaoyong docked at Weihaiwei
Career (China) Qing Dynasty Flag 1889.svg
Name: Chaoyong
Builder: Armstrong Whitworth
Laid down: 4 November 1880
Acquired: 22 November 1881
Fate: Sunk, 17 September 1894
General characteristics
Class and type: Chaoyong-class cruiser
Displacement: 1,350 long tons (1,370 t)
Length: 64 m (210 ft)
Beam: 9.75 m (32 ft)
Propulsion: 2,600 HP
Speed: 15–16 knots (28–30 km/h)
Boats and landing
craft carried:
Torpedo boat
Complement: 137-140
Armament: • 2 × 254 mm (10 in) guns
• 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns
• 2 × twin 9-pounder guns
• 4 × 11 mm Gatling guns
• 4 × 37 mm Hotchkiss guns
• 2 × 4-barreled Nordenfeldt guns

The Chaoyong (Chinese: 超勇; pinyin: Chāoyǒng) was a cruiser in the Qing Dynasty Beiyang Fleet. The first of the Chaoyong class, its sister ship was the Yangwei, and the Tsukushi built for Japan was of the same model.

Chaoyong was laid down on 4 November 1880, completed on 15 July 1881, and sailed back to Weihaiwei on 22 November 1881 with the Yangwei.

Together with the Yangwei, the Chaoyong was built by British shipbuilder Armstrong Whitworth at a cost of 65 million taels of silver, though Armstrong later subcontracted part of the framework to Mitchell.

The ship was 64 m long and 9.75 m wide, and displaced 1,350 tons. It had 2,600 horsepower (1,900 kW) and could reach maximum speeds of 15-16 knots and cruising speed of 8 knots (15 km/h). The ship was an ironclad, with wood interior but had 0.27 in of steel plating outside. The crew was around 137-140 men.

Armaments consisted of two Armstrong Whitworth 254 mm cannons, four Armstrong Whitworth 120 mm cannons, two twin Armstrong Whitworth nine-pounders, four 11 mm Gatling guns, four 37 mm Hotchkiss guns, two 4-barreled Nordenfeldt guns, and carried a torpedo boat.

The ship was sunk 17 September 1894 during the First Sino-Japanese War.

Cruisers of the Imperial Beiyang Navy

ja:揚威型防護巡洋艦 zh:超勇級巡洋艦