Japanese gunboat Tsukushi

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Japanese gunboat Tsukushi
Career (Japan) IJN Ensign
Name: Tsukushi
Ordered: 1883 Fiscal Year
Builder: Armstrong Whitworth
Laid down: 2 October 1879
Launched: 8 November 1880
Commissioned: 18 June 1883
Struck: 26 May 1906
Fate: Scrapped 1910
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,350 long tons (1,370 t)
Length: 64 m (210 ft)
Beam: 9.7 m (31 ft 10 in)
Draught: 4.4 m (14 ft 5 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft, reciprocating engine
4 boilers
2,887 shp
Speed: 16.5 knots (19.0 mph; 30.6 km/h)
Range: 300 tons coal
Complement: 186
Armament: • 2 × 254 mm (10 in) guns (fore and aft)
• 4 × 120 mm (4.7 in) guns (side)
• 2 × 9-pounder guns
• 1 × Hotchkiss gun
• 2 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes

Tsukushi (筑紫?) was a gunboat in the early Imperial Japanese Navy. It was named for Tsukushi, the old name for Kyūshū island. Its sister ship the Chaoyong was acquired by the Chinese Beiyang Fleet, and was sunk at the Battle of the Yellow Sea.


Tsukushi was designed by Edward James Reed and at the Armstrong Whitworth shipyards at Newcastle upon Tyne in England as the Arturo Prat for Chilean Navy. However, in the middle of construction, Chile cancelled the order for economic reasons, and the Japanese Navy picked up the contract for the semi-completed vessel. It was the first vessel in the Japanese navy to have hydraulically-operated equipment and incandescent light fixtures.

Tsukushi arrived in Japan after its shakedown cruise from England on 16 June 1883.

Tsukushi saw combat service in the First Sino-Japanese War, patrolling between Korea, Dairen and Weihaiwei in a reserve capacity in the Western Fleet.

After the war, Tsukushi was designated a first-class gunboat patrol duties. During the Boxer Rebellion it was stationed at Amoy and Shanghai to protect Japanese civilians and interests at the Japanese concession.

During the Russo-Japanese War, Tsukushi served as a guard ship patrolling the Tsushima Straits between Korea and Kyūshū, and as an escort vessel covering the transport of Japanese troops to Korea. It was present as the Battle of Tsushima. Afterwards, it was assigned to the Kure Naval District and served as a guard ship at the Port of Kobe.

After the war, Tsukushi was used briefly as a torpedo training vessel, and was retired in 1911.


  • Chesneau, Roger and Eugene M. Kolesnik (editors), All The World's Fighting Ships 1860-1905, Conway Maritime Press, 1979 reprinted 2002, ISBN 0-85177-133-5
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg. Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press (1976). ISBN 087021893X

External links

ja:筑紫 (巡洋艦)