Japanese cruiser Tsugaru

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Tsugaru in 1918
Tsugaru in 1918
Career Japanese Navy Ensign
Name: Tsugaru
Ordered: 1895 Fiscal Year
Builder: Admiralty Shipyard, Russia
Laid down: 1 December 1895
Launched: 26 August 1899
Completed: 2 November 1901
Acquired: by Japan as prize of war, 1905
Commissioned: 22 August 1908
Struck: 1 April 1922
Fate: Scuttled, 27 May 1924
General characteristics
Type: Protected cruiser
Displacement: 6,731 long tons (6,839 t) standard
6,932 long tons (7,043 t) full load
Length: 126 m (413 ft 5 in) w/l
Beam: 16.8 m (55 ft 1 in)
Draught: 6.4 m (21 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft reciprocating VTE engines; 24 boilers; 11,610 hp (8,660 kW)
Speed: 20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h)
Range: 3,700 nmi (6,900 km) at 10 kn (12 mph; 19 km/h)
Complement: 514
Armament: • 8 × 152 mm (6 in) guns
• 12 × 80 mm (3.1 in) guns
• 3 × 450 mm (18 in) torpedo tubes
Armour: Deck: 50–62 mm (2.0–2.4 in)
Conning tower: 150 mm (5.9 in)

Tsugaru (津軽?) was an protected cruiser of the Imperial Japanese Navy, acquired as a prize of war during the Russo-Japanese War from the Imperial Russian Navy, where it was originally known as the Pallada. The cruisers Aurora and Diana were its sister ships.


The Pallada was built by the Admiralty Shipyard in St Petersburg, Russia for the Imperial Russian Navy. As the lead ship of the Pallada-class, it was one of the most modern cruisers in the Russian navy when assigned to the Russian Far East squadron based at Port Arthur, Manchuria.

With the start of the Russo-Japanese War in 1904, the Pallada was trapped at Port Arthur, and subsequently sunk by Japanese artillery during the Siege of Port Arthur on 8 December 1904.

Service record

After the capture of Port Arthur by the Japanese, the wreck of the Pallada was raised, repaired, and commissioned into the Imperial Japanese Navy as the 2nd class cruiser Tsugaru on 22 August 1908. Its new name came from the Tsugaru Strait between Honshū and Hokkaidō.

After commissioning into the Japanese navy, the Tsugaru was used almost exclusively for training duties, especially for mechanical systems training, and it never left Japanese home waters.

On 1 April 1920, the Tsugaru was re-classified as a minelayer. It was removed from the active list on 1 April 1922, and scuttled with explosive charges offshore from Yokosuka on 27 May 1924.

The cruiser Tsugaru should not be confused with the Pacific War era minelayer of the same name.



  • Evans, David. Kaigun: Strategy, Tactics, and Technology in the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1887-1941. US Naval Institute Press (1979). ISBN 0870211927
  • Howarth, Stephen. The Fighting Ships of the Rising Sun: The Drama of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1895-1945. Atheneum; (1983) ISBN 0689114028
  • Jane, Fred T. The Imperial Japanese Navy. Thacker, Spink & Co (1904) ASIN: B00085LCZ4
  • Jentsura, Hansgeorg. Warships of the Imperial Japanese Navy, 1869-1945. Naval Institute Press (1976). ISBN 087021893X
  • Schencking, J. Charles. Making Waves: Politics, Propaganda, And The Emergence Of The Imperial Japanese Navy, 1868-1922. Stanford University Press (2005). ISBN 0804749779

ja:津軽 (防護巡洋艦)