USS Monadnock (BM-3)

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The USS Monadnock crossing the Pacific Ocean during the Spanish-American War.
Monadnock crossing the Pacific Ocean during the Spanish-American War
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Name: USS Monadnock
Ordered: 23 June 1874
Laid down: 1874
Launched: 19 September 1883
Commissioned: 20 February 1896
Decommissioned: 24 March 1919
Struck: 2 February 1923
Fate: Sold, 24 August 1923
General characteristics
Type: Amphitrite class monitor
Displacement: 3,990 long tons (4,054 t)
Length: 262 ft 3 in (79.93 m)
Beam: 55 ft 5 in (16.89 m)
Draft: 14 ft 6 in (4.42 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed: 11.6 knots (21.5 km/h; 13.3 mph)
Complement: 156 officers and enlisted
Armament: • 4 × 10 in (250 mm) guns
• 2 × 4 in (100 mm) guns
• 2 × 6-pounder guns
• 2 × 3-pounder guns
• 2 × 1-pounder guns

The second USS Monadnock was an iron‑hulled, twin‑screw, double‑turreted monitor of the Amphitrite class in the United States Navy which saw service in the Spanish-American War.

Monadnock was laid down by Phineas Burgess at the Continental Iron Works, Vallejo, California, in 1874; launched 19 September 1883; completed at Mare Island Navy Yard; and commissioned there 20 February 1896, Captain George W. Sumner in command.

Service history

After fitting out Monadnock served as a unit of the Pacific Squadron along the west coast. During the next two years exercises and training cruises sent her along the Pacific coast from Puget Sound to the Baja California peninsula. After the outbreak of war with Spain, she was ordered to join George Dewey's fleet in the Philippines. She departed San Francisco, California on 23 June 1898, touched at Hawaii early in July, and reached Manila Bay on 16 August. She operated on blockade duty in the Manila-Marviles-Cavite area, with brief voyages to Hong Kong, until December 1899.

On 26 December, she sailed for Hong Kong and for the next five years, cruised the rivers of China, particularly the Yangtze, and along her coast to protect American interests. Between 27 January and 7 October 1901, she stood almost continuous duty at the mouth of the Yangtze protecting the foreign settlement at Shanghai, operating similarly on four other occasions: 6 December 1902 to 8 April 1903; 18 September 1903 to 10 March 1904; and 8 April 1904 to 28 November 1904.

On 3 February 1905 she returned to Cavite. Operating out of Olongapo, she remained in the Philippines, with two interruptions for brief visits to Hong Kong, until decommissioned at Cavite on 10 March 1909.

Recommissioned in reserve 20 April 1911, she resumed operations out of Olongapo, until placed in full commission 31 January 1912 at Cavite. For the next seven years she cruised with submarines, and towed targets. Decommissioning for the last time 24 March 1919, her name was struck from the Navy list on 2 February 1923, and her hull was sold, on the Asiatic Station, 24 August 1923.