USS Texan (ID-1354)

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USS Texan (ID-1354).jpg
USS Texan as a troop transport in 1919.
Career (United States) 100x35px
Name: USS Texan
Namesake: Previous name retained
Builder: New York Shipbuilding Corporation, Camden, New Jersey
Completed: 1902
Acquired: 18 March 1918
Commissioned: 23 March 1918
Decommissioned: 22 August 1919
Fate: Transferred to United States Shipping Board 22 August 1919
Returned to owners
Notes: In commercial service 1902-1918 and 1919-1942
Torpedoed and sunk in commercial service 11 March 1942
General characteristics
Type: Cargo ship and troop transport
Tonnage: 8,615 gross tons
Displacement: 18,000 tons
Length: 484 ft 5 in (147.65 m)
Beam: 57 ft (17 m)
Draft: 29 ft 3 in (8.92 m)
Propulsion: Steam engine
Speed: 13.5 knots (maximum)
Complement: 70
Armament: 1 x 5-inch (127-millimeter) gun
1 x 3-inch (76.2-millimeter) gun

USS Texan (ID-1354) was a United States Navy cargo ship and troop transport in commission from 1918 to 1919.

Texan was built in 1902 at Camden, New Jersey, by the New York Shipbuilding Corporation as the passenger ship SS Texan for the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company. The United States Shipping Board acquired her on 18 March 1918 for World War I service and transferred her to the U.S. Navy at New York City the same day. Assigned the naval registry Identification Number (ID. No.) 1354, she was commissioned as USS Texan on 23 March 1918.

Assigned to the Naval Overseas Transportation Service after being refitted for naval service, Texan loaded general military supplies and departed on 9 April 1918 in a convoy for France. Texan arrived at Brest, France, on 24 April 1918 and, after discharging her cargo, began the return voyage to New York on 19 May 1918. Upon her arrival there, she underwent voyage repairs and then loaded supplies, including 405 tons of ammunition and 10 locomotives destined for Marseilles, France. Texan departed with a convoy on 18 June 1918 and arrived at Marseilles on 7 July 1918. Texan made another round-trip voyage to Marseilles in September 1918 and one to Le Verdon-sur-Mer, France, in November and December 1918 before returning to New York on 4 January 1919.

On 18 January 1919, Texan was transferred to the Cruiser and Transport Force and began operating as a troop transport, bringing troops of the American Expeditionary Force home to the United States from France until 7 August 1919, when she was reassigned to the 5th Naval District.

Texan was decommissioned on 22 August 1919 and returned to the United States Shipping Board for return to the American Hawaiian Steamship Company.

Texan returned to commercial service as SS Texan. During World War II she was on a commercial voyage when a German submarine torpedoed and sank her off Cape San Antonio, Cuba, on 11 March 1942.