Archer class patrol vessel
Ailsa Shipbuilding Company
|Type:||patrol / training vessels|
|Displacement:||49 tons (Raider, Tracker; 54 tons)|
|Propulsion:||2 shafts, Rolls Royce M800T diesels, 1,590 bhp (Tracker, Raider; MTU V12 diesels)|
|Speed:||14 knots (Tracker, Raider; 22 knots)(Hull designed to reach 45 knots (83 km/h), but limited due to the type of engine fitted)|
|Range:||550 nmi (1,020 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h)|
|Complement:||5 (RN), 1 training officer (RNR), 12 students (URNU) or 12 (RN)|
|Decca 1216 navigation radar|
|Armament:||3 x 7.62 mm L7 GPMG (Cyprus Sqn.) (can be fitted with 20 mm cannon on fo'c'sle)|
History & operations
Ten vessels were ordered as the P2000 class, based on a design of an Omani coastguard cutter, from Watercraft Marine. They are twin-shaft vessels with moulded glass-reinforced plastic hulls. After that company went into liquidation, the balance of the order was completed by Vosper Thornycroft.
The Archers were initially used as RN patrol craft and as training tenders for the Royal Naval Reserve (RNR) and University Royal Naval Units (URNU). Four identical vessels were ordered for the Royal Naval Auxiliary Service (RNXS) as Example-class tenders. When that service was disbanded in 1994, the Examples were transferred to the RN for similar duties as their Archer-class brethren (under the same names under which they served as "XSVs", all of which begin with the first syllable "Ex"). Until 2005, the 4 Examples were still painted with a black hull.
In 1998 two additional vessels (Raider and Tracker) of this design were commissioned into the RN from Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, to replace HMS Loyal Watcher and Loyal Chancellor as URNU training vessels to the two newest URNUs, serving Cambridge and Oxford Universities respectively. This brought the total of Archer class vessels in the RN to 16, all of which are assigned to the 1st Patrol Boat Squadron (1PBS) (formerly the Inshore Training Squadron). Since 1991, 14 have been attached to URNUs (one per unit) under the command of a Lieutenant, RN. The remaining 2 vessels( Pursuer and Dasher), having formed the Cyprus Squadron from 2003 to 2010, and URNU vessels before that, returned to the UK in April 2010 to perform security duties within HMNB Clyde - these can be identified by a number of pintle-mounted L7 7.62 mm GPMG machine guns and armour plating. Ranger and Trumpeter were also formerly allocated to the Gibraltar Squadron for guard ship and search and rescue duties, but were replaced by the dedicated Scimitar-class. Unlike the remainder of the class, both these ships remain capable of being mounted with a 20mm cannon on the fo'c'sle.
The NATO designation of a P2000 is "PBR", denoting a "Patrol Boat - Riverine and Harbours".
|Archer||P264||Watercraft Marine, Shoreham-by-Sea||1985||Aberdeen URNU|
|Pursuer||P273||Vosper Thornycroft, Woolston||1988||HMNB Clyde Duties|
|Blazer||P279||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Southampton URNU|
|Dasher||P280||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||HMNB Clyde Duties|
|Puncher||P291||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||London URNU|
|Charger||P292||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Liverpool URNU|
|Ranger||P293||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Sussex URNU|
|Trumpeter||P294||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Bristol URNU|
|Example (ex-XSV Example)||P165 (ex-A153)||Watercraft||1985||Northumbrian URNU|
|Explorer (ex-XSV Explorer)||P164(ex-A154)||Watercraft||1986||Yorkshire URNU|
|Express (ex-XSV Express)||P163 (ex-A163)||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Wales URNU|
|Exploit (ex-XSV Exploit)||P167 (ex-A167)||Vosper Thornycroft||1988||Birmingham URNU|
|Tracker||P274||Ailsa Shipbuilding Company, Troon||1998||Oxford URNU|
- "Ships of the Royal Navy - Archer Class Patrol and Training Vessel". http://www.gillespie.ndo.co.uk/Navy/Archer.htm. Retrieved 25 March 2010. "An interesting quirk of the Archer class is that although the regular crew have their own cabins, the Midshipmen sleep in the gun-room. Traditionally this is where midshipmen have always been berthed but in the Archer class it is literally true as they sleep in the magazine of the Archer class. Since such trips only occur in times of peace, the gun which an Archer class vessel is capable of carrying is not fitted and so there is no other use for the magazine."
- PURSUER was allocated to Sussex URNU, DASHER to Bristol URNU. Replaced by RANGER and TRUMPETER respectively in 2004
|50x40px||This article includes a list of references, related reading or external links, but its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Please improve this article by introducing more precise citations where appropriate. (July 2009)|
- Britain's Modern Royal Navy, Paul Beaver, Patrick Stephens Limited, 1996, ISBN 1-85260-442-5
- Today's Royal Navy in Colour, Jeremy Flack, Greenwich Editions, 1996, ISBN 0-86288-089-0