Spirit of South Carolina
|Name:||Spirit of South Carolina|
|Builder:||Mark Bayne / South Carolina Maritime Foundation|
|Laid down:||16 June 2001|
|Launched:||4 March 2007|
|Homeport:||Charleston, South Carolina|
|Status:||in active service, as of 2023[update]|
|Displacement:||150 long tons (152 t)|
140 ft (43 m) o/a|
90 ft (27 m) on deck
88 ft (27 m) w/l
|Beam:||24 ft (7 m)|
|Draft:||10 ft 4 in (3.15 m)|
6,462 sq ft (600 m2) sails|
2 × Cummins diesel engines
|Crew:||30 students and crew|
Spirit of South Carolina is a "tall ship" built and homeported in Charleston, South Carolina. She is owned and operated by the South Carolina Maritime Foundation, a non-profit organization.
The Spirit of South Carolina is a licensed Sail Training Vessel, providing experiential education programs for the youth of South Carolina. Interdisciplinary programs focus on math, science, history and literature of South Carolina, and our relationship to the water.
Academic focuses include, but are not limited to, Marine Biology, Maritime archaeology, Oceanography, History, Literature, Meteorology and Astronomy. Some programs prepare students for examinations to obtain Able Seaman and/or Qualified Member of the Engine Department, Merchant Mariners Documents.
In addition to educational duties, The Spirit of South Carolina serves as an ambassador of the people of South Carolina.
Frances Elizabeth: Inspiration for Spirit of South Carolina
The Spirit of South Carolina is a pilot schooner reminiscent of the Frances Elizabeth, a vessel that was originally built by the Samuel J. Pregnall & Bros. Shipyard in Charleston, SC in 1879 and served pilots in the city’s harbor for 25 years.
The pilot schooner Frances Elizabeth was of a design very similar to the yacht America, first winner of the America's Cup in 1851. The America was designed according to the specifications of the fastest pilot boat in New York harbor. Pilot boats had to be very fast because the first pilot to reach an incoming ship got the job of bringing the vessel in the harbor, and thus was the only vessel to receive the pilot's fee. Pilot boats had to be seaworthy and able to withstand almost any weather. The pilot schooners serving major shipping ports such as Charleston were exposed to the rigors of the open ocean.
The Frances Elizabeth was licensed as a pilot schooner in 1879 and sank in 1912 in the Cape Fear River in North Carolina. She had been outfitted with gasoline engines. A gasoline leak in the bilge resulted in a fire and explosion that destroyed the vessel.
Plans for the Frances Elizabeth were found at the Smithsonian Institution within that organization’s extensive collection. Those original plans have been modified and redesigned by Peter Boudreau and Andrew Davis, proprietors of the preeminent tall ship design firm TriCoastal Marine. TriCoastal Marine has been involved with several notable vessels including the Amistad, Spirit of Massachusetts, Lady Maryland, Pride of Baltimore II, Schooner Virginia, and the USS Constellation.
Building Spirit of South Carolina
The Spirit of South Carolina was built by The South Carolina Maritime Foundation, a 501(c)(3) non-profit educational organization founded in August 2000 to explore and celebrate South Carolina's rich maritime heritage. The Spirit of South Carolina is fully certified as a sailing school vessel by the US Coast Guard. She is capable of carrying 30 students and crew.
Master Shipwright Mark Bayne directed the construction of Spirit of South Carolina. The construction crew consisted of skilled paid shipwrights and volunteers. She is built of several types of woods traditionally used in shipbuilding, including: Live Oak, Angelique, Longleaf Pine, Sapele, Purpleheart, and Douglas Fir. Every element of the vessel was constructed on site, including both masts and all necessary rigging. For safety, she is equipped with two Cummins Diesel engines and carries electronic communications and navigational equipment.
The Sailing School Vessel Spirit of South Carolina is United States Coast Guard certified and operates as a Sailing School Vessel (SSV) under Title 46, Subchapter R of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR).
The keel was laid June 16, 2001. The Whiskey Plank (last plank to be installed) was fitted on July 15, 2006.