USS Karnes (APA-175)

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USS Karnes (APA-175) passing under the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge, late 1945 or early '46
Career (US) 100x35px
Ordered: as type VC2-S-AP5
Laid down: date unknown
Launched: 7 November 1944
Acquired: 3 December 1944
Commissioned: 3 December 1944
Decommissioned: 11 April 1946
Struck: 1946
Fate: scrapped, 1974
General characteristics
Displacement: 12,450 tons (full load)
Length: 455 ft 0 in (138.68 m)
Beam: 62 ft 0 in (18.90 m)
Draught: 24 ft 0 in (7.32 m)
Speed: 19 knots
Capacity: 150,000 cu. ft, 2,900 tons
Complement: 56 Officers 480 Enlisted
Armament: one 5/38” gun mount,
twelve 40mm mounts,
one 20mm mount

USS Karnes (APA-175) was a Haskell-class attack transport acquired by the U.S. Navy during World War II for the task of transporting troops to and from combat areas.

World War II service

Karnes (APA-175) was launched 7 November 1944 by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oregon, for the Maritime Commission; sponsored by Miss Nora Clancy; acquired and commissioned by the Navy 3 December 1944, Captain R. B. Miller in command.

Landing troops on Saipan and embarking the wounded

After shakedown along the California coast Karnes arrived Pearl Harbor 13 February 1945 with passengers and cargo from the U.S. West Coast. Six days later she sailed in convoy to land troops at Saipan and other staging areas in the Pacific Ocean. At Saipan she embarked 406 U.S. Marines wounded in the Iwo Jima campaign and returned Pearl Harbor 17 March.

Reinforcing Okinawa with troops and supplies

With the Okinawa invasion well underway, Karnes departed Pearl Harbor 7 April with troops and supplies to reinforce Americans fighting on that bitterly contested island. She arrived Okinawa 3 May and unloaded troops and equipment while under heavy kamikaze attack. She departed the battle zone 8 May with 866 survivors of ships damaged by kamikazes. Karnes discharged some survivors at Saipan and arrived San Francisco, California, 27 May with the remaining group.

She returned to the embattled Pacific islands, arriving Manila 1 July with troop replacements and cargo. Following this mission, the transport returned Pearl Harbor 23 July to begin training for the anticipated invasion of the Japanese home islands and maneuvers.

End-of-war “mopping up” operations

Upon the cessation of hostilities 14 August Karnes began preparing for the occupation of Japan, arriving Sasebo 22 September. She was then assigned to "Operation Magic-Carpet" duty returning men eligible for discharge, and arrived San Francisco 11 November with her first group of veterans. Karnes ended a second "Magic-Carpet" cruise 12 January 1946, returning American fighting men from China.

Post-war decommissioning

On 13 February she departed San Francisco and arrived Norfolk, Virginia, 2 March where she decommissioned 11 April 1946 and was struck from the Navy list. Karnes was returned to the War Shipping Administration (WSA) 24 April 1946. She entered the National Defense Reserve Fleet and was berthed in James River, Virginia. In 1974 Karnes was sold for scrapping.

Military awards and honors

Karnes received one battle star for World War II service at Okinawa.

See also


This article includes text from the public domain Dictionary of American Naval Fighting Ships.

External links