Clevis fastener

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File:Clevis (PSF).jpg
A clevis used to a attach a bar and chain
A clevis and clevis pin, held in place by a cotter pin

A clevis fastener is a three piece fastener system comprising of a clevis, clevis pin, and tang. The clevis is a U-shaped piece that has holes at the end of the prongs to accept the clevis pin. The clevis pin is similar to a bolt, but is only partially threaded or unthreaded with a cross-hole for a cotter pin. The tang is the piece that fits between the clevis and is held in place by the clevis pin.[1][2] The combination of a simple clevis fitted with a pin is commonly called a shackle, although a clevis and pin is only one of the many forms a shackle may take.

Clevises are used in a wide variety of fasteners used in the farming equipment, sailboat rigging, as well as the automotive, aircraft and construction industries. As a part of a fastener, a clevis provides a method of allow rotation in some axes while restrict rotation in others.

Clevis pin

File:Moused shackle.gif
A moused clevis pin

There are two main types of clevis pins: threaded and unthreaded. Unthreaded clevis pins have a domed head at one end and a cross-hole at the other end. A cotter pin or split pin is used to keep the clevis pin in place. Threaded clevis pins have a partially threaded shank on one end and a formed head on the other. The formed head has a lip, which acts as a stop when threading the pin into the shackle, and a flattened tab with a cross-hole. The flattened tab allows for easy installation of the pin and the cross-hole allows the pin to be moused.[3]

A bolt can function as a clevis pin, but a bolt is not intended to take the lateral stress that a clevis pin must handle. Normal bolts are manufactured to handled tension loads, whereas clevis pins and bolts are designed to withstand shearing forces.

Clevis pins should be closely fitted to the holes in the clevis to reduce wear and reduce the rate of failure of either the pin or the clevis.[4]

Twist clevis

An assortment of shackles, with twist clevises in the middle

A twist shackle provides a loop at a right angle to the axis of rotation. Older implements, intended to be pulled by a team of draft animals, often require a twist shackle to be hitched.

Clevis hanger

A clevis hanger consists of one U shaped clevis, and a second V shaped clevis with a hole in a flattened section at the base of the V, joined together with a bolt or pin. Clevis hangers are generally used to hang pipes.

Clevis bracket

A clevis bracket generally form as a solid metal piece with a flat square or rectangular base, fitted with holes for bolts or machine screws, and two rounded wings in parallel forming a clevis. Commonly used in aircraft and cars, clevis brackets allow mounting of rods to flat surfaces.

Clevis hook

A clevis hook is a hook, with or without a snap lock, with a clevis and bolt or pin at the base. The clevis is used to fasten the hook to a bracket or chain.

Clevis rod end

A clevis rod end is a folded or machined piece formed into a clevis and fitted with a hole at its base to which a rod is attached. In machined pieces, the hole is most often threaded.

Twin clevis

A twin clevis is a solid piece with two clevises directly opposite one another, each fitted with a pin. Twin clevises are commonly used to join two lengths of chain.